Category Archives: Government

Closeup – The Army of the Southern Cross

Closeup – The Army of the Southern Cross, from Robotech II: The Malcontent Uprisings, Issue 6

by Bill Spangler

edited by Tim Wing

Our quarters in Perth were comfortable but modest. How much time, I wondered, had been spent choosing rooms that made the correct political statement? Nothing in these quarters could be taken as a snub, but nothing could be taken as even an indirect show of support.

We were entering deep and treacherous waters. I’d no doubt that Anatole Leonard could maneuver in them, but I wondered if the prize was worth the effort.

As Leonard’s chief aide, I participated in some of the discussions with the United Earth Government’s treaty negotiation committee. The sessions I attended were primarily information gathering meetings, though. The political discussions were apparently being reserved for the executive sessions.

When I was not assisting Leonard, I kept to myself as much as possible. At least three different news services had requested interviews, but I turned them all down. I watched several movies that hadn’t been released in the Southlands yet and worked out at nearby health club. Under different circumstances, I would have enjoyed the rest. In this situation, though, I was merely trying to distract myself… and not succeeding very well.

By the fourth day, the matters seemed to be coming to a head. Vice Admiral Richard Hunter had descended from the Olympian heights of the Robotech Factory Satellite to attend the meetings. I kept one eye on him during the proceedings to see if his expression could indicate the committee’s temper. His face remained unreadable.

The committee went into executive session at 3:00pm that day. I ate dinner in my room, expecting another quite evening. Just after 9:00pm, though, I received a vidphone call from Leonard, at the council chambers.

“We’ve done it, Joseph,” he said quietly. “We’ve won.”

The official vote wouldn’t be until the next morning, but we had gotten everything that we had asked for. The Brazilian Armed Forces, as well as the militaries of the rest of the UEG’s member states, would become a full partners in the newly formed Army of the Southern Cross Treaty, with the same authority and legal status as the soon to be defunct UN Spacy. We would move our headquarters from Brasilia to Monument City, where our armaments would be replaced by newer mecha. After a seeming eternity of scrimping and stopgap measures, we would have a regular supply of Protoculture.

The Brazilian Army would lose its separate identity, though, but Leonard would remain in charge. His official rank would be Commander. It sounded like a demotion from his self-bestowed title of Marechal (Field Marshall), but his authority would be the same. And titles could always be changed…

Leonard said the new arrangement would become official on January 1, 2018. The new year would usher in a new way of life.

“I think I’ll finally get some sleep tonight, Joseph,” he concluded.

I smiled at that, but I doubted it. I had not known Leonard to sleep more than five hours a night since those hellish days immediately after the Brasilia Sweep. A lot of factors would have contributed to the negative shift of his sleeping pattern and it was just heartbreaking to see. If we were back home, simply looking for the best CBD oil products on the market would enable him to get the sleep he deserves in the hours that are right for him. A lot of people don’t understand the number of benefits using CBD has for people but the most common usage is to use it to get to sleep. This is what makes it so perfect for Leonard. Companies like OrganicCBDNugs ensure they only provide the highest quality CBD possible for their customers. Anything else, in my mind, was completely unacceptable. But unfortunately, this is something that we just had to live with and we had to make the best out of a less than ideal situation.

In the end, I decided to adjust my sleep patterns to accommodate his, but there were still times when I couldn’t match his energy. Even when I tried my best and took a long bath before bed to try and match when he was sleeping, I still couldn’t get off to sleep. I felt like I’d tried every trick in the book…sleeping tablets, bath salts, bath bombs wholesale and even lavender spray on my pillow.

In fact, this almost made me feel even more lethargic (if that was possible). I can’t remember the last time any of us had a good night sleep, and I was really starting to crave the thought of having a full night of uninterrupted sleep, and the best mattress toppers from somewhere like Sleepify was also on my mind because I’ve heard that they are meant to be really good when it comes to providing you with the sleep you deserve, and I think it’s fair to say that we all deserved this. However, I don’t think this will happen for quite some time yet… unfortunately.

And I couldn’t imagine Leonard sleeping after the biggest political victory of his career. Recognition by the United Earth Government was a goal we both had worked for.

In 2015, when Leonard formed the post war Brazilian Army, he stressed that our forces would not enter a region unless invited. Of course, these were the early days of the Malcontent Uprisings. Events moved at such a pace that the permission was sometimes given after the fact. This only added to our reputation as vigilantes and opportunists, attempting to gain power during a chaotic time.

The people of the Southlands wanted a strong response to the Zentraedi Malcontents. They needed it. I think this is illustrated by the fact that the Brazilian Army was able to recruit legendary warriors who had opted out of the Reconstruction movement, people like Aaron Rawlins and Krista Delgado.

Of course, these events had been given an entirely different interpretation in the relative safety of the Northlands. Still, the attitude toward the Brazilian Army was changing. I was amused by the new shorthand description of the Brazilian Army that was appearing in the news media ? a political-military party. How civil. How neutral. How northern.

After Leonard briefed me on the committee’s decision, I suggested that we go out for drinks. Leonard said to meet me at his apartment in an hour. When I did so, I found a tableau that I will always remember.

Anatole Leonard, the man described by some as the greatest threat to interspecies unity since Khyron, was kneeling on the floor of his room, his hands folded in prayer.

Without out a word, I knelt beside him…

? Joseph Petrie; The Cross and the Sword

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising, Tatsunoko Studio and Ammonite studio. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Michael Ling

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2019 Tim Wing

In fact, this almost made me feel even more lethargic (if that was possible). I can’t remember the last time any of us had a good night sleep, and I was really starting to crave the thought of having a full night of uninterrupted sleep, and the best mattress toppers from somewhere like Sleepify was also on my mind because I’ve heard that they are meant to be really good when it comes to providing you with the sleep you deserve, and I think it’s fair to say that we all deserved this. However, I don’t think this will happen for quite some time yet… unfortunately.

And I couldn’t imagine Leonard sleeping after the biggest political victory of his career. Recognition by the United Earth Government was a goal we both had worked for.

In 2015, when Leonard formed the post war Brazilian Army, he stressed that our forces would not enter a region unless invited. Of course, these were the early days of the Malcontent Uprisings. Events moved at such a pace that the permission was sometimes given after the fact. This only added to our reputation as vigilantes and opportunists, attempting to gain power during a chaotic time.

The people of the Southlands wanted a strong response to the Zentraedi Malcontents. They needed it. I think this is illustrated by the fact that the Brazilian Army was able to recruit legendary warriors who had opted out of the Reconstruction movement, people like Aaron Rawlins and Krista Delgado.

Of course, these events had been given an entirely different interpretation in the relative safety of the Northlands. Still, the attitude toward the Brazilian Army was changing. I was amused by the new shorthand description of the Brazilian Army that was appearing in the news media ? a political-military party. How civil. How neutral. How northern.

After Leonard briefed me on the committee’s decision, I suggested that we go out for drinks. Leonard said to meet me at his apartment in an hour. When I did so, I found a tableau that I will always remember.

Anatole Leonard, the man described by some as the greatest threat to interspecies unity since Khyron, was kneeling on the floor of his room, his hands folded in prayer.

Without out a word, I knelt beside him…

? Joseph Petrie; The Cross and the Sword

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising, Tatsunoko Studio and Ammonite studio. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Michael Ling

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2019 Tim Wing

Denver, Unincorporated Territory of Colorado

Denver, Unincorporated Territory of Colorado, USA, UEG

by Tim Wing


General Informaiton

  • Country: United States, United Earth Government
  • State: Unincorporated Territory of Colorado
  • Founded: 2014, as New Denver
  • Incorporated: November 7, 2018, as Denver
  • Destroyed: January 2044 during the Invid Occupation
  • Named for: James W. Denver
  • Government: Denver City Council
  • Metro area: 36 km2
  • Population (2028): 160,158

Denver (sometimes referred to as Denver Sector) was a North American city located in Rocky Mountains near the location of its destroyed namesake. Denver was rebuilt following the Zentraedi Holocaust as a model city. Its founders were made up of prominent survivors from the former state of Colorado who endeavored to build a sustainable urban environment utilizing renewable energy sources, nowadays people will turn to Prepaid electricity plans to help utilize this renewable energy. To this end, the main downtown area was situated in the bowl of an inactive volcano. Underneath the city, a large geothermal power station was built. This plant supplied power not just to Denver, but to several other communities in the surrounding area. Covering the downtown area was a large transparent dome used to trap geothermal waste heat during the winter months, keeping the city comfortably warm even in January. Due to the heavy snowfall in the region, snow and ice removal was a constant headache for the city department of transportation.

But it had to be done. Any snow or ice that would’ve been left on the roads or walkways could’ve potentially caused catastrophic injuries to anybody that used the roads on those particular days. Injuries so bad that the only relief they may get from the pain is when they decide to buy bliss edibles from this online dispensary at their earliest convenience. So even though it caused the city of transportation an unlimited amount of stress, their work can guarantee the safety of thousands of other people who live in the area.

Due to its location high in the mountains with poor access to transportation infrastructure, Denver never became an industrial center. Only two roads accessed Denver, and both were subject to frequent closings due to the passes often getting snowed in during the winter. Denver’s primary economic activities were banking, insurance and the tech sector. Denver’s population was mostly affluent white upper middle-class professionals. Denver was famous for both its green reputation and for its world-class shopping and ski-resorts.

The city was evacuated several times during the Second Robotech War, and then once again for good after the Invid Invasion. This was since even though it was energy self-sufficient, it had no means of feeding its population once the interstate system of trade broke down in the wake of the invasion. With an estimated food supply measured in days, not weeks, the city council ordered an evacuation two days after the arrival of the Invid.

In January of 2044, a group of freedom fighters briefly set up camp in the city center. With the entire dome covered in a heavy layer of snow, the city was completely hidden from view until the freedom fighters literally stubbled upon it. What they found was a city that was evacuated so abruptly that the former residents didn’t even bother to turn off the lights before they left. The power station was still running, and the entire city center was heated. Their presence eventually attracted the attention of the Invid, and the city was destroyed in the ensuing battle.

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. Genesis Climber MOSPEADA (R) is the property of Fuji Television, Artmic Studio and Tatsunoko Production. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Yoshitaka Amano, Shinji Aramaki and Hideki Kakinuma

Acknowledgement is extended to the author of the Warp Zone. The author is given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Warp Zone that has been utilized in this publication.

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

Canada, member state United Earth Government

Canada, member state United Earth Government

by Tim Wing

Canada was a member state of the United Earth Government (UEG), and home to UEG’s capital: Monument City. Canada’s post war capital was London, which was rebuilt after the First Robotech War. Due to its low population density, Canada was lower on the target list during the Zentraedi attack on Earth in the final days of the First Robotech War.

  • Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin), (English: “From Sea to Sea”)
  • Anthem: “O Canada”
  • Royal anthem: “God Save the King”
  • Capital: London, Ontario
  • Largest city: Monument City, Ontario
  • Major Population Centers: Graystone, Saskatchewan; New Macross City, Ontario (destroyed 2012); Ogino City, British Columbia; Stone City Ontario; Thunder Bay, Ontario
  • Major Military Installations: Garrison Shilo, Manitoba; Arviat Field (Nunavut Base), Arviat, Nunavut; Garrison Petawawa (Ontario Base), Ontario; UN Military Headquarters, New Macross City, Ontario (destroyed 2012); United Earth Command Headquarters, Monument City, Ontario; United Earth Forces Military Academy, Monument City, Ontario; Fort Sibly (Monument City Base), Monument City, Ontario; Donald Hayes Aerospace Base, Monument City, Ontario
  • Official language: English
  • Demonym: Canadian
  • Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Monarch: King Henry IX
  • Legislature: Parliament
  • Total area: 8,442,614 km2
  • Population: 7,903,034 (2028 UEG census)
  • Currency: United Earth Credits (UEC)


While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning “village” or “settlement”.


Though Canada fared far better than its neighbor to the south, she still lost all her major population centers. The entire east coast, along with the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were destroyed. Ontario suffered the worst, with nearly 99% of its population incinerated in an instant. In the west, Victoria and Vancouver in British Columbia were likewise destroyed. Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Newfoundland and Labrador were heavily damaged, with nearly the entirety of their populations in the south wiped out. So extensive was the destruction that these provinces were downgraded to the status of territories. The northern territories of Yukon, the Northwest Territory and Nunavut pulled through largely unscathed however. Though the cities (sic) of Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit were destroyed, most of the small settlements who largely had populations under four thousand survived. Because of this, Canada emerged from the war with the largest surviving population in North America.

After the First Robotech War, Francophone separatists formally succeeded from Canada, forming the Free Nation of Quebec (the Quebec Quadrant, as it is referred to by the UEG). Quebec also abstained from joining the world government, remaining an independent nation state with strong diplomatic ties to Canada and the UEG. Quebec maintained a neutral stance throughout the cold war between the UEG and the Eastern Block of Soviet Independent States (EBSIS), perusing a policy of pacifism and isolation. Most of the industrial and technological base of the region was lost in the Zentraedi Rain of Death. Reconstruction was slower than in the rest of Canada due to it not having access to UEG reconstruction funding. The bulk of the populace lived in and around the capital of New Quebec City.

Canada was the primary battleground during the Second Robotech War due to the SDF-1’s resting place at SX Point 83 being the Robotech Masters’ primary objective. Much of the population of Monument City and Thunder Bay were lost during this war. This same corner of Ontario again found itself the site of hostilities as a major branch hive of the Invid’s Reflex Point was located over the wreck of the SDF-1.

Geography and climate

Canada occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south, and the US Unincorporated Territory of Alaska to the northwest. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world, after the Soviet Union.

Canada is home to the world’s northernmost settlement, the former United Earth Defense Forces (UEDF) Tactical Corps (TC) Cold Division Station Alert, on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, which lies 817 kilometers from the North Pole.

Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. Sub artic regions of the country remain largely in their pre-war natural state. The southern temperate zones had entered the initial stages of recovery by the beginning of the Second Robotech War, with grasslands and scrub-forests in areas that were once covered by boreal forests. The central prairies were also well on their way to recovery by this point. The southernmost regions that had the highest prewar population density remain to this day uninhabitable wasteland, with very little in the way of natural vegetation.

Government and politics

Postwar, Canada maintained its parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy, the monarchy of Canada being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The Canadian monarchy is a separate legal institution from the monarchy of the United Kingdom, though the two offices were held by the same individual. The sovereign from the end of the First Robotech War up until the Invid Invasion was King Henry IX. The direct participation of the royal and viceroyalty figures in areas of governance was limited.

Each of the 86 members of parliament in the House of Commons was elected by simple plurality in an electoral district or riding. General elections must be called by the governor-general, either on the advice of the prime minister or if the government loses a confidence vote in the House. Constitutionally, an election may be held no more than five years after the preceding election, although the Canada Elections Act limits this to four years with a fixed election date in October. The 25 members of the Senate, whose seats are apportioned on a regional basis, could serve until age 75. Being elected is an extreme and important responsibility, no matter which government it is about, anyone elected needs to hold office in high regard. Using such software as Senate SMS fundraising or House marketing tactics can help the prospective electee in reaching out to their constituents, and getting the assistance that they need.

Canada was allotted 36 representatives in the General Council of the United Earth Government. These representatives were elected once every four years by a simple majority vote, by their district.

Provinces and territories

Canada was a federation composed of five provinces and seven territories. Provinces had more autonomy than territories, having responsibility for social programs such as health care, education, and welfare. Together, the provinces collect more revenue than the federal government, an almost unique structure among federations of the UEG. Using its spending powers, the federal government could initiate national policies in provincial areas, such as the Canada Health Act; the provinces could opt out of these, but rarely did so in practice. Equalization payments are made by the federal government to ensure that reasonably uniform standards of services and taxation are kept between the richer and poorer provinces.

Major Population Centers

Looking at the map of Canada, it is easy to be fooled into thinking that surviving population was quite small, since very few cities break the 50,000-population threshold for being considered a major population center. This, however, is deceiving. The northern territories have hundreds of settlements ranging from a few hundred to several thousand. This geographic dispersion was what allowed so many northern Canadians to survive the war relatively unscathed.

London, Ontario: London was rebuilt in the early post war period and served as the provisional capital. Originally, plans were made to rebuild Ottawa, but by the late teens these plans were abandoned.

New Macross City, Ontario: New Macross City was established when the UES Macross returned to Earth at the end of the First Robotech War. With a population of 70,000, it was the largest city on Earth up until its destruction in January 2014.

Monument City, Ontario: Monument was founded originally as a refugee camp after the destruction of New Macross City. It quickly grew in size and was declared the new capital of the UEG on Founders Day in 2017.

Greystone, Saskatchewan: Greystone Heights was a neighborhood of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, which survived the First Robotech War and hosted a large refugee population in the early days of reconstruction. Eventually it became one of the largest population centers in Canada. It name was shortened to Greystone in 2015.

Ogino City, British Columbia: Ogino City, named for its founder Makoto Ogino, was the primary west coast port and industrial center for Canada. Its inhabitants were composed primarily of survivors Seattle and Vancouver metropolitan areas. Several defense contractors relocated here after the war, to include Boeing. This city was the site of the Christmas Day Attack by Zentraedi Malcontent Khyron.

Stone City, Ontario: Third largest city in Ontario, after Monument City and London.

Thunder Bay, Ontario: Thunder Bay was a small city that survived mostly intact after the Zentraedi Rain of Death. Its population nearly doubled overnight, when nearby New Macross City was destroyed and many of its former residents arrived as refugees.


The 2028 UEG census enumerated a total population of 7,903,034. It is hard to determine the exact population at the end of the war, but it is suffice to say it was significantly less. Post war repopulation policies of mass cloning and subsidies for large families, as well as integration of micronized Zentraedi into the human population, resulted in at least a 100-fold increase from the post war surviving population. Immigrants also contributed greatly to this population explosion, as Canada had one of the highest per-capita immigration rates in the world, driven mainly by economic policy and habitable land. Alongside Canada, The United States of America is also a popular country for people to immigrate too. But before moving to any country to start a new life, it is important that people know how to establish credit so that they have a better chance of having access to the things that a good credit score can bring. To have a better success rate at this, it is in the best interests of the person to gain as much knowledge about the country they’re moving to so that they know exactly what to do when they get there. Canada’s population density, at .94 inhabitants per square kilometer was among the highest in the world.

According to the 2028 census, the country’s largest self-reported ethnic origin was European at 33%, Zentraedi at 25%, indigenous North American (First Nationer) at 22%, Asian at 14%, Caribbean and Central and South American at 3%, and African at 3%. Though a multitude of First Nationer languages was spoken, as well as Zentraedi, English was the official language of Canada of the First Robotech War. A portion of the population spoke French as their first language, but it was dropped as an official language in retaliation to the succession of Quebec.

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Acknowledgement is extended to the author of the Warp Zone. The author is given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Warp Zone that has been utilized in this publication.

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

History of the Sentinel Worlds: Garuda

History of the Sentinel Worlds: Garuda

by Aubry Thonon, with Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen, and Robert Morgenstern


  • Star: Rhestad (red giant, G9III)
  • Orbital distance: 8.5 AU
  • Orbital number: 2
  • Orbital period: 780.203 days
  • Gravity: 1.03 g

Garuda is an Earth-like planet, with near to 48% of its surface covered in water – but while the total percentage of water is lower than Earth’s, Garuda seems to enjoy a more even distribution of it, leaving only 2.3% of its continental surface as a dry, hot desert-like environment. Some cold deserts do exist, but only run to about 4% of the surface and they themselves become rather saturated during the heights of summer.

There are three continents on Garuda: Amphur, the largest at 76% of the land-mass, running as a deformed ellipse North-West to South-East across the Equator; Diparn, 16% of Garuda’s land-mass, a vaguely starfish-like shape in the Southern hemisphere to the West of Amphur; and Rashif, the smallest continent at 3% of the planetary land-mass, slightly reminiscent of a Garudan forearm and clawed hand, located in the Northen Hemisphere to the East of Amphur.

With 6.3% of the surface given to a desert-like environment, both hot and cold, another 12% is taken by mountainous terrains of various types. The most impressive would be the Geparu Ranges on Diparn, with sheer cliffs of up to 5 kilometers in height. The highest Garudan Mountain, Hailas (12km), can also be found within these ranges.

10% of the continents is rivers and lakes, only 4% of the surface is given to grassy plains (generally in valleys), and Garuda’s famed forests take another 47.5% of the planetary ground-surface. Garuda’s last major environment, its marshes, covers 20.1% of the continental surface. These marshes are distributed almost evenly over Garuda’s three continents, with only the high-mountainous regions free of them.

It is interesting to note that although industrialization has taken its toll here as on most other planets, much of its physical impact was softened by the Garudan’s choice of location for their industrial complexes – almost all were built in the deserts or in mountainous terrains – and the fact that Garudan housing is built to blend into the forests’ canopy. The only city not built along these lines is Garuda’s only planetary space-port, Brophen, on Rashif. Only one spaceport is maintained on-planet as most of Garuda’s interplanetary transactions take place in orbital stations, away from Garuda’s anomalous atmosphere.

Garudans themselves, while similar to a bipedal Terran fox in outward appearance, seem to have more in common with the Terran arboreal squirrel; the lean fore-arms and curved claws, the strong but nimble legs, the clawed feet and the ability to bend in almost impossible directions, have all made the Garudan the undisputed ruler of the forests. While there still are predators that endanger individual Garudans (much like crocodiles, sharks and other predators do Man on Earth), the mastery of the planet belongs to one species alone.

About 2 million years ago, the first animal directly recognizable as the Garudan’s distant ancestor appeared in the forests of Amphur, Garuda’s largest continent. Following a somewhat hesitant evolutionary path (one branch of which is the burly Gtan, the ‘Great Ape’ of Garuda), Garudans first attained the point of industrialization by 11,240 B.C.E.

In 10,122 B.C.E., a bio-chemical agent was released into Garuda’s atmosphere. Although records of the time were mostly destroyed in the chaos following, it seems certain that the agent escaped from a military installation – Garudans, like Humans, flirted with bio-weapons as a means of warfare. But while Earth escaped these troubled times almost untouched, Garuda fell. Over the next few days the agent covered the entire Biosphere, causing untold damage. The primary aim of the agent was to produce a toxin which disrupts the higher centers of Garudan brain-activity, causing the host to experience hallucinations, loss of co-ordination and, eventually, brain-death. Much of Garuda’s wildlife was left unaffected, although the Gtan – to this day – seem to suffer from a severely short attention-span.

This event was to be later known as The Chaos.

As with every pandemic, there were those whose bodies resisted the toxin. But this immunity did not seem to be dominant in the genetic makeup of the Garudans. Almost 80% of Garuda’s population died within a few months of the agent’s release. Of subsequent births, only 11% lived beyond the first few days. Given time and a stable biosphere, Garudans might have had a chance to adapt to their new environment… but with the rapid mutation and development of the bio-agent, and the subsequent release of new toxins into the atmosphere, Garuda seemed destined to become a dead planet – the bio-agents found, in Garuda’s marshes, an almost perfect breeding ground and reproduced at an explosive rate, covering the planet with their toxins.

However, somewhere around 8,050 B.C.E. an event changed Garuda’s fate. While no hard records remain of this event, almost all of Garuda’s religious texts contain a reference to it – a time of great heat came to Garuda, killing off some plants and animals, making others stronger. What this ‘time of great heat’ was is unknown – many speculations, ranging from a ‘blip’ in Rhestad’s life-cyle to the passing of a flaming meteor(1), have been presented. What *is* fact, however, is the recovery Garudans made after the event; over the next few centuries birth-rates went up, instances of insanity went down, and the now-famed Garudan Intuitive Awareness (also known as the Hin) came to develop. No longer were the Garudans negatively affected by the miriad of ‘pollutants’ in their atmosphere; they thrived in its presence, their mental processes now enhanced by the chemical soup around them.

The biological agents and their toxins had not, in fact, diminished in intensity – a fact that many first-time visitors to Garuda would later attest to. Without exception, all carbon-based atmosphere breathers will be affected to one degree or another by Garuda’s atmospheric mix. The exact effects vary wildly from species to species – Terragens suffer from extreme paranoia followed by hallucinations eventually causing cardiac arrest, while Karbarrans suffer an almost total loss of their nervous system. Perytonians, on the other hand, suffer nothing more than an itch of the skin – but unrelenting and severe enough to drive them mad after a few days.

But as the Terran saying goes, this gift was a double-edged sword. For while they are now safe from their own atmosphere, Garudans are unable to survive away from it. Absence of more than a few hours produces paranoia. A few days, and the Garudan experiences withdrawal symptoms of a severity unmatched by any artificially-produced hallucinogen. After two weeks, the Garudan simply ceases to live. Conditioning can, in many cases, help the individual spend longer periods away from the psycho-active ingredients collectively known as the Hin (Note that to the Garudan, the toxin and its effect upon them are considered one and the same). The record for prolonged separation from the Hin is about 7 days before the first withdrawal symptoms set in. But due to the Hin’s incorporation into many of the Garudan’s Religions, many view this attempt at even temporary non-dependence to be unsavory, if not heretical to some of the more extreme cults.

With the memory of their near-total catastrophy still fresh in the collective mind of their society, the Garudans rebuilt their industry from scratch. With most of their cities destroyed and most of their fuel sources running dry, it took over ten-thousand years for the Garudans to recover from the blow their war-like tendencies had dealt them. The major stumbling block was the almost-total destruction of their repositories of knowledge, both in the forms of books and electronic literature and in the loss of most of their engineers, scientists and other holders of knowledge. For the first few centuries, Garudans slid backwards on the civilization scale at a tremendous rate before finally beginning to make head-way towards a recovery.

Caravans and trade-routes began to take shape, and a group of Garudans arose to meet the trading needs of the planet. To facilitate bartering, the Traders evolved a language which is known as the Trader’s Dialect – a simpler offshoot of the Garudan’s Holy Language used in all religious meetings of the Rhinsah. The Trader’s Dialect is still the language of choice when Garudans deal with outsiders, as it is a simple yet powerful language, without much of the social complexities of everyday-speech.

With the help of the Traders, Garuda’s population once again began to expand and fill the continents. Science, for so long believed to be a Black Art, enjoyed some revival in the Traders’ attempts to facilitate their movements across Garuda’s terrains. How instrumental were these Traders to the recovery? Their success can best be seen in their current society, for almost all of Garuda’s richest families owe their fortunes to a Trader ancestor.

Eventually, in 1014 C.E., Garuda was back to the level of technology it had enjoyed just prior to The Chaos, but the new social infrastructure – based on the dual problem of their original lack of numbers and their growing dependence on the Hin – took longer to build.

Current-day Garudans are a deeply courteous people as a whole. Their existence seems centered on contact with the Hin. A typical Garudan greeting, here rendered in the Trader’s Dialect, is done by the raising of both hands, palm forward, and saying “Gheths’par dravio Hin shann. Fvidrro d’elrach.” This translates roughly to “I have glimpsed Unity. May we forever share breath.” This concept of ‘sharing breath’ is at the core of Rhinsah, Garudan’s major religion, and seems to entail the concept of sharing of mind and emotion. However, the Garudans are adamant that the full concept of Fvidrro cannot be properly understood without surrender to the Hin.

Around 1040 C.E., Garudans discovered space travel and reached their local satellite. Having experienced the fear of extinction due to a single planetary catastrophy, Garuda re-doubled its effort to conquer the stars – an endeavor difficult due to the limitations placed upon them by their dependence on the Hin. Life on other planets was impossible for Garudans short of total Garudaforming or the reliance on the Hin growth-incubators. Space stations, of course, relied entirely on the incubator systems (although some success was achieved by a few stations willing to sacrifice a large amount of their inner-surface to Garudan flora and fauna in an attempt to generate the Hin ‘naturally’).

In 1278 C.E., first contact between the Garudans and a Tirolian Merchant fleet en-route to Karbarra occurred. It resulted in disaster – remembering first-contacts with Karbarra, Haydon IV and Spheris and the trade opportunities opened by these contacts, the Trade-Commander sent a ship to parlay with the Garudan before checking for biological incompatibilities. Upon contact with the Garudan scout vessel, the contact ship fell prey to one of the bio-agents’ toxins in the Garudan atmosphere. Within minutes, thanks to the efficient air recyclers aboard the Tirolian ship, the entire crew had suffered brain seizures. The entire incident might well have resulted in interplanetary war had the Merchant Fleet not had, within its fold, Senator Viphardt. The Senator immediately ordered all Tirolian ships to withdraw and stand down. This done, radio communications were established and – eventually, after an extensive session of language-learning on both parts – biological information and air samples exchanged between the two parties. Ironically, this incident would have been less severe had First Contact happened in a planetary biospehere, as the Garudan bio-agents have a limited life-span and come out second best when in contact with a biosphere other than Garuda’s or a Garudan bio-culture tank.

Relations between Garuda and the rest of the Local Cluster, once established, remained good for the next 80-odd years. Then, in 1361 C.E., A coup-d’etat on Tirol saw the overthrow of the Republic and the setting up of the Triumvirate government. Garuda, in shock, withdrew from the Local Cluster and began to prepare itself for an invasion it knew would come.

In 1362 C.E., Tirol sent Zentraedi to take Garuda by force. The Zentraedi were ordered to take the planet with minimal damage and started by setting a beach-head in an isolated part of the Taroohm range. This first attempt at taking Garuda failed – during one night, Garudan commandoes infiltrated the Zentraedi camp and sabotaged the giants’ dome by destroying its life-support system. Sentries and stragglers were taken care of on a person-by-person basis. By morning, all Zentraedi lay dead or dying.

The Robotech Elders, in retaliation, ordered the 11th Zentraedi fleet to invade Garuda and to destroy a large section of forest. Once a large enough area had been cleared, an invasion force landed and began ‘pacifying’ Garuda. For twenty-six months, the fighting went on – the Zentraedi shooting and killing, taking little time for sleep. Attrition was high on both sides, but the Zentraedi had both numerical and weaponry advantage – finally, in 1364 C.E., the Garudan planetary government surrendered. Garuda had fallen. The Zentraedi were withdrawn and a Tirolian occupation force was set up.

Life as a Tirolian Protectorate was hard and uneventful, save but for a few revolts ruthlessly squashed as soon as they appeared. Then, in 1998 C.E., a joint Tirolian/Zentraedi group appeared in Garuda’s skies, bearing Zor and the seeds of the Invid Flower of Life. For nearly two months, Zor’s Battlefortress circumnavigated the globe, seeding as it went. When he finally departed, Garudans began to notice the shoots of a new plant appearing wherever the forest parted enough to admit sunlight. The Flower of Life had arrived on Garuda and taken root. By 2014, Garuda found itself once again under attack, this time by the Invid Regent’s fleet.

The attack by the Invid was quick and brutal. Garudans offered no overt resistance to the Invid but captured several Tirolian Bioroids by killing their pilots and hid the mecha. Eventually, these Bioroids would become the fore-front of the Garudan Resistance. At the same time, another group of Garudans who had been waiting for a chance to do so, took control of a Macross-class Border Fleet Battlefortress in Garudan Orbit. The Battlefortress had been left behind due to its lack of Protoculture supplies and the Garudans wasted no time in introducing a batch of stolen Protoculture to the Reflex furnaces. With the Battlefortress now active, the crew attempted to stop – or even slow – the invasion, but eventually withdrew to post-lunar orbit when it became obvious they were no match for the Invid.

The Tirolian division left at Garuda was overwhelmed in a matter of minutes. The victorious Invid began to construct hives and planetary defenses, blockading the orbital regions of Garuda to prevent interference with their conquest.

Unable to return, the captured Tirolian Battlefortress gave up all attempts to rescue Garuda and headed off into space. Eventually, the ship met with a rebel Karbarran fleet, the sole surviving ships of the prior invasion of Karbarra by the Invid. Together, these ships formed the core of the nascent Sentinels.

On Garuda, without outside help, the Resistance floundered. Its attacks were nothing more than annoying stabs at the Invid’s unprotected flanks. As the Invid had once been to the Empire, so were the Garudans now to them. Unable to find the Rebels headquarters, the Invid began setting traps – but with the help of their supporters, the Resistance managed to avoid them.

In 2027, help finally arrived on Garuda in the form of the Sentinels – a group of fighters formed from all the planets of the Local Cluster as well as a splinter group of the Robotech Expeditionary force. With the help of the Resistance, the Sentinels managed to push the Invid off Garuda – but not without some cost. By the end of the battle, half of the Sentinels’ command staff had been infected by the Garudan atmosphere. Although a serum to Garuda’s atmosphere had been known since 1296 C.E. for most species in the Local Cluster, a problem still remained. The serum works by counter-acting the toxins released by the bio-agents and the regime has to be kept up so long as the patient is in contact with the bio-agents. As such, each batch of serum has to be tailored for a particular species (and in some extreme case, for each particular individual). To make matters worse, the serum, like many others, has a very short shelf-life and could not be stored for any length of time. The race to manufacture a Terragen-compatible serum, on Haydon IV, in time was eventually won – the serum used for Tirolians was found to be a close analogue of the required formula and was modified to suit as a blanket serum for all Terragens.

With the eventual defeat of the Invid Regent, the Invid forces in the Cluster broke into myriad pieces. By 2035, a concerted effort was made to systematically patrol the Local Cluster and its fringes and remove the last of the Invid War Machine from it. Garuda joined the mop-up operations. While they saw service in many branches, the Garudans particularly excelled as advanced scouts – their ability to leap from place to place and to ascend seemingly unclimbable surfaces making them the perfect operatives for Intelligence gathering.

Garudans found the war harder than most, as their atmospheric requirements made service with other races a touchy subject. Few captains allowed Garudans on board, while many of those who did required the ships to be physically segregated into independent sections. It was eventually found expedient to allow the Garudans to crew their own ships.

When the Robotech Expeditionary Force finally left for Earth in 2044, Garuda had finally purged itself of the shadow of the Robotech Masters as well as the taint left behind in the forests by the Invid Protoculture farm-domes.

(1) This last was attributed to the Garudan version of the Terran National Enquirer, and as such not much credence is placed upon it.




Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Content by Aubry Thonon, with Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen, and Rob Morgenstern

Copyright © 1999, 1997 Robert Morgenstern, Pieter Thomassen, Peter Walker



A Brief Description and History of Tirol


A Brief Description and History of Tirol

by Peter Walker with Pieter Thomassen and Aubry Thonon

This article first appeared in The Unofficial Robotech Reference Guide, reprinted here with permission from the Robotech Research Group.


Valivarre is a bright blue-white A6 dwarf, twice the mass of Earth’s sun, and substantially hotter at the surface (8300 K). Valivarre is large, at 1.95 times the radius of Earth’s sun, and puts out sixteen times the light; and a higher portion of that is in the ultra-violet than one sees at Earth. Analysis of the star indicates that it is a mere seven hundred and ninety million years old, and it is estimated that within thirty-five million years’ time, Valivarre will have become an orange K5 giant, destroying all life in the system.

Valivarre is located 1812 parsecs from Earth, in the direction of the constellation of the Southern Cross (RA 12h4.2m, Dec -62.12), and was the center of a vast interstellar empire that, at its height, controlled over fifty million cubic parsecs and more than a thousand inhabited worlds.

Valivarre is home to twelve planets. The first three are rocky, hot, inhospitable worlds, ranging in size from a tenth to nearly twice Earth’s mass. The next five are gas giants, the inner two being similar to Jupiter and Saturn respectively, and the outer three more resembling Uranus and Neptune. The outermost four worlds are composed largely of a mixture of rock and water and methane ice, larger analogs to the Uranian and Neptunian satellites, and Pluto.


Fantoma is the fourth planet from Valivarre, orbiting every 2066 Terran days, or once every 5.66 Earth years, at a distance of 3.95 AU. At this distance, it receives approximately the same amount of radiative flux from its sun as does Earth, though the light is more in the blue and ultra-violet. Despite the fact that Valivarre is nearly twice Sol’s radius, Valivarre subtends only a quarter of the solid angle on the sky at Fantoma as Sol does on Earth, due to the greater distance. Because Valivarre is bluer, and because of its smaller angular size, looking directly at Valivarre is several times more dangerous to the naked eye at Fantoma’s orbit than looking directly at the Sun is at Earth’s. Fantoma’s axis of rotation is inclined 26 degrees from the orbital plane, and the planet possesses a formidable magnetic field. However, as Valivarre’s solar wind is subsonic, Fantoma lacks the magnetospheric structure for which Jupiter and Earth are famous.

Fantoma is a gas giant, somewhat smaller than Jupiter, with a total mass 208 times that of Earth’s, and a radius slightly more than ten times Earth’s (64,930 km). With a rotation period of eleven hours and six minutes, the enormous coriolis forces drive the atmosphere into bands of high- and low-pressure zones (like on Jupiter and Saturn), and a large number of storms are visible. Most prominent is Yev’evle, a high-pressure region near the Fantoman equator similar to Jupiter’s Great Red Spot; this storm has persisted throughout the full extent of Tirolian record-keeping. Furthermore, because of the far greater radiation input than on Jupiter, the atmosphere is far more dynamic and turbulent. Fantoma’s atmosphere is composed largely of hydrogen, helium, methane, ammonia, water, and carbon dioxide, and as a whole the planet appears as varying bands of blueish-green and white.

A modest ring system encircles Fantoma, extending from 1.3 to 1.7 Fantoman radii, consisting mainly of rock fragments which range in size from dust to several meters in length. While clearly visible from the surface of its moons, these rings, which are inclined at most 0.2 degrees from the planet’s plane of rotation, are not nearly so spectacular as those surrounding Saturn, but are still more impressive than Jupiter’s. The most unique aspect of the Fantoman rings is the prevalence of magnetic monopoles amidst the dust in several of the middle rings; these particles have not been found in large quantities elsewhere in the Galaxy. It is possible that an object composed largely of monopolar matter passed too close to Fantoma and was torn apart by tidal gravity, and the fragments were incorporated into the ring system.

Fantoma is home to eight moons. The first two, Falcaro and Stonol, are small bodies of rock less than a couple percent of Earth’s mass. Falcaro is extremely geologically active, as is Stonol to a lesser degree. This is due to the tidal pull of Tirol, which prevents these two moons from being phase-locked with Fantoma. The third moon, Tirol, is very nearly the size of Earth. Madrea, the fourth, is a modest moon a hundredth Earth’s mass. The other moons, all further out than Madrea, are very small, at most 0.3% Earth’s mass.


The third moon of Fantoma, Tirol is the traditional seat of Tirolian civilization, though the Robotech Masters abandoned the surface centuries ago to dwell in their artificial clone-societies aboard their orbital motherships, leaving the bulk of the populace on the planet below.

Tirol is a somewhat smaller planet than Earth, with only 61% of Earth’s mass and 82% Earth’s radius. Tirol is, on the whole, marginally denser than Earth (thanks to a larger core relative to the planet’s size), and possesses a surface gravity 92% of Earth’s. It orbits very close to Fantoma’s equatorial plane at a distance of 2.4 Fantoman radii (157,711 km), completing a revolution every twelve hours and twenty-one minutes. Because of Fantoma’s great size, and the small size of the other Fantoman moons, Tirol is phase-locked to Fantoma; that is, from Fantoma’s perspective, Tirol always shows the same side to it.

The most prominent object in the Tirolian sky is Fantoma, subtending nearly 45 degrees in diameter. Eclipses of Valivarre by Fantoma are almost a daily occurrence on the Fantoma-ward side of the planet. Depending upon the season, Fantoma is visible even at noon. From Tirol’s perspective, Fantoma never moves in the sky, and its position in the sky is entirely determined by the observer’s location on Tirol. The phase-lock also means that Tirol’s rotation period, or its day, is the same as its rotation period around Fantoma: namely, 12 hours, 21 minutes. Because Tirol’s orbit slightly overtakes Fantoma’s rotation, Fantoma appears to rotate retrograde (from Tirol’s perspective), with a period of almost 110 hours, or nearly nine Tirolian days. Tirol’s higher rotation period affects its weather significantly. The centrifugal force on the atmosphere is more than three times that on Earth, and the coriolis force nearly twice it. Weather patterns tend to be confined to smaller cells than one would expect on Earth, and much of the cloud cover and precipitation are at the lower latitudes.

Tirol has no detectable intrinsic magnetic field; even if it did, it would be dwarfed by Fantoma’s contribution. Fantoma’s field is, to good approximation, a well-aligned dipole, so its magnetic field lines are seen on Tirol as being virtually parallel to the planet’s rotation axis. Despite the differences, two-dimensional compasses act similarly on the surface of Tirol as on the surface of Earth. The main effect is that Tirol sees intense aurora at all latitudes. The presence of debris from Fantoma’s rings also makes meteor showers a frequent occurrence on Tirol.

Fully 32% of Tirol’s surface is land, the majority of which is a single super-continent named Pae’rana centered on the sub-Fantoma point. A series of volcanic islands and several small sub-continents exist on the side of Tirol opposite Fantoma, but that half of the planet is almost entirely ocean. Tirol is somewhat tectonically active, as the other moons disturb the planet’s phase-lock with Fantoma, but continental drift away from the supercontinent is relatively minimal, thanks to the Fantoman tides.

Much of Tirol is more arid than Earth, especially toward the center of the supercontinent Pae’rana, but the planet sees all the range of climes and ecological zones Earth does. Indeed, Pae’rana’s ecological zones exist in large part in belts, according to latitude. At the highest latitudes are arctic and tundra zones, then a taiga-like forest belt. Lower in latitude are the grasslands, and below that the equatorial deserts and jungles. Most of the Tirolian population lives in the grasslands and steppes, and on the coastlines of the more temperate zones.

Tirol’s Peoples

While Tirol’s inhabited surface area is similar in size to Eurasia and Africa combined, its racial composition is dramatically more homogeneous than old world Earth. There are only three racial types, descending from Earth’s Caucasians, Dravidians, and Mongoloids. From this fact, it can be surmised that the original humans transplanted to Tirol originated in the Near East and Central Asia. In the six millennia between the arrival of humans on Tirol and the advent of civilization across the planet, the Tirolian peoples fragmented into four major language families, and innumerable tribes and ethnic types. Eventually, by a process of attrition and cultural assimilation, Tirol’s peoples began to consolidate, first into the great empires, then later into the major industrial nation-states. By the time of the advent of space travel in 652 C.E., only seven major languages were left, and four of those belonged to the ‘Tzen’ branch of the Orpelo-Sue’tonan language family. Increasingly, the dominant culture became that of the Tiresians, relative newcomers to Tirol’s ethnic mix. The earliest appearance of the Tiresians in the planet’s records dates back no further than 410 B.C.E., and they did not become prominent in world affairs almost until 360 C.E. By the emergence of the Tirolian Mercantile Empire in 1361 C.E., Tiresian culture and language had penetrated to every corner of the globe, as a consequence of their political and economic dominance. Today, most of the ancient cultures and peoples are diluted beyond recognition, and their unique facets have been relegated to family- and place-names, and regional festival costumes. A singular exception are the rugged and independent-minded mountain people of the Rilac region, who have kept their language and customs over the many centuries.

Tirolian culture, and by this one means Tiresian culture in particular, is very superior in its outlook. After a thousand years of being an interstellar power dominating hundreds of alien worlds and a thousand colonies of all sizes of their own, Tiresians grew to look upon themselves as the highest expression of civilization in the Galaxy. The maintenance of the ancient forms of government and the creation of monumental architecture became paramount in the Tirolians’ priorities. The Robotech Elders and Masters were seen by many on Tirol as having abandoned their duties to the state, as they abandoned Tirol itself, but the Tirolian citizenry had neither the resources, power, or will to challenge the Empire.

Tirol’s myriad of pre-industrial cultures produced a flowering of mythic and religious literature over the millennia, though all share a common thread. In the variant of the myth the Tiresians inherited, the Tirolians were originally created by the supreme god Var’e, a solar deity representing both creation and destruction. Eventually, Var’e’s domain was invaded by the supreme evil entity in their mythos, called Adoyn’de, and the Tirolian race was abducted by a race of demonic dragon-like creatures called the P’tok, of which Adoyn’de was king. Brought down from Heaven as slaves of the P’tok, Tirolians eventually overthrew their masters with the help of the intercessory deity Fanto, in his first incarnation, Zor’de. Fanto’s third incarnation, Lanack, is said to have been born nearly six thousand years later, and to have taught the Tirolians the arts of civilization, after waging a century-long war against an evil king.

Eventually, the Fanto cults evolved into a number of national and sectarian deities, from which several major universalist philosophic religious systems emerged. These belief systems, however, died at the hands of the secularism of the early interstellar republics. In the following centuries, Tiresian philosophical thought, the dominant form, dwelt more on civic duty, familial obligations, and public morals than on transcendental or theological concerns.

Tirol’s History


Life clearly did not find its origins on Tirol. Valivarre is too young a star, scientists suggest, for life to have formed on the worlds that orbit it. Similarly, DNA sequences from other worlds in the quadrant indicate that life on those worlds, in part or in whole, shares a common ancestry with that on Tirol.

Evidence is beginning to suggest that the Tirolians are the third civilized species to have inhabited the planet. The first occupation period, dating 114 million years ago, appears to coincide with the enormously widespread colonization of worlds by an unknown, long extinct race dubbed the ‘Seeders’. This race, of whom no artifact has survived the vast eons, appears to have settled hundreds of planets in the quadrant before their demise. Because of stellar dispersion, it is impossible to know (without surveying the entire Galaxy) how large their sphere of influence once was, though estimates place it on upwards of a thirty thousand inhabited planets. On some worlds, it appears they only introduced new life to pre-existing ecosystems. Others (such as Tirol) appear to have been completely terraformed, and all their life transplanted from elsewhere. In the more than one hundred million years since life was seeded on Tirol, however, the planet has developed its own unique species and ecosystems, as evolution took its course. The life brought to Tirol has long since adapted to its climate, and to its bizarre day, night, and eclipse cycles.

The second alien occupation period appears to have been a mere 15,000 years ago, when the Pretoxican race, dubbed the ‘Settlers’, established a small colony on Tirol. Little is known about this race as well, other than that they brought more life forms from other worlds and deposited them onto Tirol, Praxis, and elsewhere. Most important of the races brought by the ‘Settlers’ to these planets were, of course, humans from Earth. Few ‘Settler’ sites have ever been unearthed, and those that have been found have revealed little; Tirol appears to have been a small backwater colony, possibly agricultural in nature. In any case, the population of ‘Settlers’ on Tirol seems to have never exceeded six thousand in small, dispersed settlements. The ‘Settlers’ apparently used cremation in their burial rites, and no confirmed reports of their skeletons have ever been found – though human remains are often associated with ‘Settler’ occupation sites. It is a possibility that a Tirolian racial memory of this race formed the core of the myths relating to the P’tok.

Sometime around 14,000 years ago, not long after the humans were brought to Tirol, all traces of the ‘Settlers’ vanish – with indications that their settlements were destroyed by violence – and the humans transplanted to this distant planet began their long reign as the unchallenged masters of this world.

The first Tirolian civilizations began to appear approximately 6500 B.C.E., in the Dev’er and Relav river valleys, with three other complex urban cultures springing up within the next millennium. Writing appears to have been developed in the Dev’er city-states approximately 5800 B.C.E., and independently again in the Relav and Tonvella cultures within five centuries of that. Much of Tirolian civilization can be traced to these earliest cultures, though all were eventually conquered by successive waves of later tribes.


Tirol’s pre-industrial history is long and complex, and, owing to limited translations available to Terran historians, is not as widely understood as one might like. The primary cultural continuum that led to the Tiresian culture began with Dev’eria. Though this region’s political centers were conquered and destroyed by successive waves of barbarians over the millennia, the newcomers invariably adopted the Dev’er culture. This insured that it remained culturally intact until 1200 B.C.E, when it was finally destroyed by a nation of tribesmen influenced by their society, the Tettelians. In the prior centuries, however, the Forasi city-states emerged, and though culturally distinct from the Dev’er, many of the religious, technical, and scientific achievements of the De’ver were imported. Following on the heels of the Forasi were the Ein’liba, whose drive and martial ambition caused them to build a vast empire that reached its height by 721 B.C.E.; the Forasi were conquered and their culture adopted to a great extent by the Ein’liba. Waves of barbarian invasions, incessant warfare against the various dynasties ruling Tettelia, and economic problems eventually toppled the Ein’liba by 301 B.C.E. Northwestern Pae’rana then entered into something of a dark age, from which the modern cultures of Su’tone, the backwater southern coastal regions of the old Ein’liba empire, eventually emerged after their long intellectual slumber. Among the nationalities that emerged in this region were the Tiresians, descendants of barbarians who had pressed upon the Ein’liba empire centuries before. By 360 C.E., the Tiresians had emerged as one of the most powerful nations in the Su’tone region, and were expanding their influence eastward into Orpelae.


Technology advanced at an impressive pace during the fifth through seventh centuries C.E. in Su’tone, fueled by population growth and economic development. During this era, the peoples of Su’tone began to aggressively expand, colonizing much of Pae’rana and displacing and dominating the indigenous peoples and cultures.

Nevertheless, the aggressive competition between the Su’tonean nations led to several devastating world wars, the third of which ushered in nuclear weaponry. A reluctant participant in the last one, Tiresia nonetheless emerged as the sole major world power, with the might to impose its will, if necessary, on any part of the planet.

Tiresia and the other Su’tonean nations took the lead in technology, though it was Rilac that first entered space. The space era began slowly for Tirol, but by the early 800’s C.E., a permanent presence was established on Fantoma’s more stable moons, and after two centuries, the Tirolians had established colonies in orbit around or on the surface of many of the worlds and moons in their star system. By the discovery of fold technology, fully ten percent of the Tirolian race lived off-planet.

Interstellar Republic

Deteriorating social and economic conditions in the decades after the first fold-capable ships were launched led to a mass exodus of Tirolians. Foremost of the egress to the new interstellar colonies were those not of the Tiresian culture (which had been adopted by most of the Su’tone peoples, thanks to the vastly successful economic trade bloc the region had formed). The largest single colony was Ci’Va, initially settled by Rilacians after their homeland had been devastated by civil war and famine for nearly a century. Within two centuries, Ci’Va was the largest Tirolian colony, and a major trading and industrial center, second only to Tirol itself.

Eventually the disturbances on Tirol itself subsided, and under the lead of the Tiresians, Tirol unified into a more or less homogeneous republic in 1166 C.E. Colonization of other worlds proceeded with great haste, aided by advances in fold technology and a huge increase in the population’s growth rate.

Improvements in fold-engines, though still limited by modern standards, led to a thriving interstellar trade. At first, the core of the Interstellar Republic supplied the colonies, but soon they began to develop industries and resources of their own, and began to trade among themselves, and to deliver agricultural goods back to Tirol.

During the exploration of the quadrant, the Tirolians encountered their first civilized alien species. The most important of the peoples encountered were the Karbarrans. A race of bear-like creatures, the Karbarrans had developed a credible presence in space on their own, without the benefit of FTL ships. However, though Karbarra’s fantastic industrial capacity dwarfed even Tirol’s, pressures due to population and pollution were straining Karbarra’s viability. The Tirolian Interstellar Republic and the Karbarran Hegemony concluded a comprehensive and amicable trade agreement, with Tirol providing fold technology, monopolar mining rights, and foodstuffs in exchange for Karbarran industrial expertise, biotechnology, and innumerable products, such as Sekitan ore. Relations between Karbarra and Tirol were generally favorable for the next two centuries.

The Tirolians also encountered their first enemies in space during this period as well. A half-dozen minor wars were fought in the Republican epoch against the Perytonians, and a major war was fought by Tirol and Karbarra in 1274-1306 C.E. against the V’loxia, a non-humanoid race whose territory included a hundred inhabited worlds. The conflict was costly and terrible, and ended with the extinction of the V’loxia. The Karbarrans were appalled by the genocide of the V’loxia at the hands of the Tirolians, and this rift began a downward spiral in these two worlds’ relations that led to Karbarra severing ties to Tirol proper in 1339 C.E., and the entire Interstellar Republic three years later. Karbarra then aligned itself with the autonomous Tirolian Republic of Ci’Vonia, which, by this time, controlled a dozen planets (centered on Ci’Va) and stood to benefit enormously from the larger market for its foodstuffs and products. What had been a centuries-long friendship between Tirol and Karbarra quickly evolved into an armed stand-off. Tirol began to suffer an energy crisis, as Karbarran Sekitan, a deuterium-rich ore widely used for fueling most fusion reactors of the time, became generally unavailable. This embargo forced Tirol to return to older and more inefficient methods of acquiring the choice nuclear fuels.

Exploration vessels led the expansion into space, and charted hundreds of new worlds. The culmination of these missions occurred when Zor Derelda, a young Tiresian project scientist assigned to a deep-space survey team, discovered the planet Optera and its unique lifeforms. The discovery of “protoculture”, as a power source and as a catalyst for cloning, produced nothing less than a revolution in Tirolian technology, and soon, a revolution in the political sphere as well. The loss of Sekitan now proved advantageous to the Tirolians, as the replenishment of the protoculture matrix required large amounts of heavy water to be extracted from Tirol’s (and its colonies’) oceans – a technology Tirol had to revive and master after they lost the Karbarran ore.

However, it was not in power production that protoculture’s discovery caused the most radical changes to Tirolian society. Rather, protoculture’s ability to accelerate cloning and to repair cellular damage was what ultimately reshaped Tirolian culture. Tirolian biotechnology was already extremely advanced at this time, thanks in part to the ground-breaking research in the field pioneered by their former Karbarran friends. But soon, ambitious life-extension projects made the aristocracy virtually immortal, genetically improved grains and farm animals were spread all over the empire, custom genes introduced the entire spectrum of color into Tirolian eyes and hair. But most ominously, entire races of clones were created, biologically and socially conditioned into a condition of servitude. The first of them, a race of ten-meter tall warriors bred for combat, was called the Zentraedi.

Tirolian Mercantile Empire

The Zentraedi were developed in 1355 C.E. at the behest of the Tirolian Senate by Tirol’s most powerful bloc of scientists – a group of ideologues calling them-selves the Zorrlev’dra Gisterae. (Zorrlev’dra Gisterae literally translates to Masters of Zor’s Technology. The common Terran/English equivalent to “Zor’s Technology was Robotechnology, and hence the term Robotech Masters. For the sake of simplicity, all references from here on out will to the Robotech Masters.) Founded by a set of fraternal triplets, and obsessed by the numerology of threes, the Robotech Masters set about using the cloning technologies to create what was, in their view, the perfect society – a race of triplets acting in concert for the good of the race, where emotional expression and individuality were forbidden.

Though the Zentraedi were nominally under the control of the Senate, the real control lay in the hands of the Robotech Masters. When word of the Robotech Elders’ eugenics experiments broke, the Tirolian people, especially the patrician classes, were aghast. The Masters were ordered to immediately cease their experiments by the Senate. In response, the Masters called in the Zentraedi and seized control of Tirol in 1361 C.E., disbanding the Senate and quickly destroying the Tirolian military. In the Great Hall of Tiresia, as the Senate – under house arrest – watched, the Tirolian Mercantile Empire was proclaimed into existence. The homeworld securely in their hands, the Robotech Elders began to set about establishing control over all the worlds in the now-defunct Interstellar Republic.

The first crisis facing the Tirolian Mercantile Empire was on Karbarra. In 1378 C.E., the Karbarrans tested on an obscure moon a new type of starship-mounted weapon: the Reflex Cannon. Combining the power of a nuclear weapon with the advantages of an area-affect beam gun, and impervious to the anti-missile defenses as mounted on starships, this weapon’s test was meant by Karbarra as a signal to Tirol – that it would not be bullied by the Elders. Nevertheless, the Elders rightly perceived that this technology, if given the time to develop, would upset the balance of power in the quadrant away from the infant empire. The Zentraedi were mustered and dispatched to Karbarra, which was soon conquered with minimal collateral damage and loss of Karbarran life, and its great industrial capacity turned to Imperial needs. The Karbarrans were forced to hand over the secrets to the Reflex Cannon, which was perfected by the new Science Triumvirates. Soon, new classes of Zentraedi ships began to appear (the flagship and monitor), which were built around the terribly effective split-boom beam gun.

The Karbarrans, though resentful of the conquest, were treated with the utmost respect and charity by the Imperial Governors, and thus never rose in revolt against the Empire – indeed, Karbarra saw its greatest economic boom in three centuries when Tirolian merchants began to return. Ci’Vonia, on the other hand, immediately objected to the loss of its trading partner, but was mollified by assurances of autonomy and free trade with Tirol.

Still, the Elders were uncertain of their position. As their power originally derived from protoculture, they resolved to be the sole masters of it. Optera was ordered defoliated, leaving its inhabitants, the Invid, to starve – precipitating one of the greatest conflicts the Empire would know. As the seeds of the Flower of Life were stolen from Optera, the seeds of the Empire’s overthrow were also sown.

By 1450 C.E., the new triumvirate clones were perfected, and the Robotech Elders retired to their great motherships in Tirolian orbit with their triplet minions. Surrounded by their immediate servants, the Robotech Masters, the Elders quickly succeeded in gaining for Tirol all the Tirolian colonies save one – Ci’Va, whose treaties with the Empire were honored, so long as Ci’Va gave token deference to the Imperial order.

At about the same time, like a phoenix from the ashes, the Invid began to appear, ravaging outlying colony worlds and folding out before they could be caught by the Imperial forces. This harassment, though unsettling to inhabitants of the outlying colonies, was not a serious threat to the empire, but it did require the establishment of a vast defensive fleet of Zentraedi. Very quickly, the Zentraedi succeeded in forcing the Invid to flee Optera, but the harassment continued after the Invid adopted a new world outside the Tirolians’ sphere of influence as their secret base of operations.

At this point, only one weakness was apparent in the Imperial armor: though the Robotech Elders had a monopoly on protoculture, they could not produce it indefinitely without help – and increasingly, they grew completely dependent on this energy source whose production they ultimately could not control. For reasons the Elders and Masters could never discover, the Flowers of Life would produce seeds that could release energy, but would never be able to germinate – the seeds were sterile. Eventually the plants would mature and cease producing seeds, becoming worthless to the Empire. The secret of fertile seeds was tightly held by Zor, the scientist who initially discovered the Flower of Life, and he held it as his trump-card. Zor destroyed all records of the Flower’s biology, committing it to memory. Though cajoled into providing fertile seeds for the Empire, Zor did so only when the lives and liberties of the colonists and citizens of the Empire were respected. The Elders were willing enough to grant Zor’s demands, so long as subversive elements did not threaten their power.

In 1481 C.E., Zor was given permission to relocate to Ci’Va, to continue his researches and collaborate with his Ci’Vonian colleagues. During this period, a number of breakthroughs were made in the area of genetic engineering, though only a few of these were forwarded back to the Elders. While there, increasingly disenchanted with the Empire and its continual wars and expansion, Zor pseudonymously wrote a series of political and philosophical tracts favoring a federalist republican system of government over the current Imperium, and lambasting the triumvirate as an unnatural abomination. When word of these essays reached Tirol in 1502 C.E., Zor was recalled by the Elders and severe restrictions were placed on his movement and activities. Nevertheless, his writings struck a chord in the Ci’Vonian people and in the old patrician families on Tirol and elsewhere in the Empire. Ci’Vonian nationalism, long kept silent for fear of Imperial reprisal, was awakened, and an anti-Imperial chorus began to be sung on every world in the Empire, forcing the Elders to act swiftly and decisively.

Ci’Vonian War

With their prestige and power on the line, the Robotech Elders authorized their chief subordinates, the First Robotech Master Triumvirate, to take charge of the situation. In 1519 C.E., Ci’Va was ordered to surrender its sovereignty to the Empire, and to receive an Imperial Governor Triumvirate. The Ci’Vonian reply was to blow the Governors’ shuttle out of the sky as it attempted to land on their world. The crisis escalated, and the 1st Master Triumvirate was forced to send a fleet of a thousand Zentraedi warships to Ci’Va. Unwilling to assault Ci’Va because of its formidable defenses and enormous economic and strategic value, the Masters hoped that a credible threat would cause the Ci’Vonians to bow to their will without violence. Unprepared for the situation, and utterly naive of the pleasures of culture, the Zentraedi commanders accepted talks on Ci’Va, and came, along with a significant contingent of their troops, to the surface. As the Zentraedi commanders discussed the situation with the Ci’Vonian government, their soldiers were entertained by a surprisingly fearless and hospitable Ci’Vonian people. In almost no time, the Zentraedi began to request amnesty on Ci’Va, and were happily adopted by the Ci’Vonian people. A larger fleet of 200,000 vessels – known as an “Inspection Army” – was immediately dispatched to restore discipline, but the soldiers of the relief fleet refused to fire upon their own. In six months, the cultural contamination of the enormous Zentraedi presence above the planet was virtually complete.

At this point, with the defection of fully a fifth of their forces, the Robotech Masters were forced into action. The Grand Fleet, then comprising 800,000 Zentraedi warships, was dispatched with orders to annihilate Ci’Va and the rebel Zentraedi. Without a clear-cut defense, and hopelessly outnumbered, the rogue Zentraedi landed their ships on Ci’Va’s surface and engineered a hurried evacuation. By the time the Grand Fleet folded in to Ci’Va’s space, one quarter of Ci’Va’s population, five hundred million people, and all of their Zentraedi allies had disappeared into the vastness of space. Ci’Va’s remaining population fought valiantly, and succeeded in delaying the Grand Fleet long enough for their evacuees and their Zentraedi allies to make good their escape. Nevertheless, the Grand Fleet quickly disabled Ci’Va’s defenses, and bombarded the surface of the planet until its oceans and atmosphere boiled away, as an example to any subject world who might consider revolt.

The crisis, however, had only just begun. Using fold-guerrilla tactics pioneered by the Invid, only on a far larger scale, the Ci’Vonians, those Tirolian patrician allies and sympathizers who had been exiled because of their vocal support of Ci’Va, and Ci’Va’s vast allied Zentraedi armada launched a terrible war against the Tirolian Mercantile Empire. Forced to dramatically increase the numbers of loyal Zentraedi, the Elders found themselves fighting a defensive struggle against a relentless and spirited enemy. With the Imperial defenses spread out over so many systems, the “Disciples of Zor”, as the Masters came to call them, were able to concentrate their forces on every single target they chose to attack. They handily won almost every military engagement; always folding to parts unknown before Imperial reinforcements could arrive. In just over two centuries, the Empire had fallen to tatters, caught between the Ci’Vonian Zentraedi and the plundering Invid, who took full advantage of the confusion to pursue their own vendetta. In 1792 C.E. the rebel armada threw caution to the wind and attempted to win the war in one single stroke. The entire rebel fleet folded into Tirol-space and quickly shattered the defensive Zentraedi units in orbit around the planet, then began to surround and attack the Masters’ motherships. The Ci’Vonian fleet was supported on Tirol’s surface by a large fraction of Tirol’s patricians, who saw this as an opportunity to rid themselves of the Elders. For the first time since the Zentraedi were created to fight for the Tirolians, the Elders and Masters were forced to send their own people – especially their triumvirate clones – into battle. Though losses were heavy on all sides, the Imperial reserve armies held the line long enough for Zentraedi reinforcements to arrive. The Grand Fleet was assembled and folded in to Tirol-space, quickly crushing the Ci’Vonian task force. With half their ships lost, the Ci’Vonians were forced to retreat again into the inky blackness of space. Never again were they to pose a serious threat to the Empire, though the damage was already done. The Zentraedi ‘domillans’, or advisors, were cautioned never again to allow themselves close contact with cultured peoples, because of the consequences of the cultural contamination by the Ci’Vonians.

The Masters’ Empire

Frustrated by the poor handling of the Ci’Vonian war by the (Zorrlev’dra Ertulve) Robotech Elders, the 1st Robotech Master Triumvirate, with the assent of virtually all the other Robotech Masters, seized control of the government in 1800 C.E., keeping the Elders on as mere figureheads. With the Ci’Vonians effectively out of the way, and the Zentraedi fleets burgeoning, the Empire began to rebuild from the terrible fighting that had brought it on the brink of annihilation. An Imperial renaissance began, though the reformed empire of the Masters was only a small fraction of the Elders’ at its height. Most of the outlying colonies, especially the small ones, had been utterly eradicated by the Invid’s ruthless advance, and many of the larger ones had been devastated by the Ci’Vonians or the Masters in their war. But with the consolidation of the Zentraedi around the remaining colonies, the Invid threat was contained, and would not seriously trouble the Empire for two more centuries. Still, the long war had given Dolza, the Zentraedi supreme commander, significant autonomy over the Zentraedi fleet and its operations. Communications between the Masters and their Zentraedi slaves began to break down, while Dolza’s interpretations of his orders became troublingly distant from the Masters’ intent.

By now, the problems with the dwindling supplies of protoculture had begun to approach a crisis level. Every half-century, Zor would be released from his house arrest and sent to seed a host of new worlds with the Flower of Life. In approximately 1950 C.E., Zor was once again dispatched in the newly-designed Tirolian Monitor “Macross” for that purpose. The Masters had long accepted that Zor would never divulge the secrets of the Flower of Life to them, but they also found that he was tired of fighting them. His demands became increasingly token, and the Masters were more than happy to satiate him.

At this time, the Invid tactics began to undergo a bit of a revolution. As the Invid began to capture the Tirolian colony worlds, they began to build up a stockpile of the seeds of the Flower of Life. To their dismay, the Masters discovered that the strain Zor had been seeding was a mutant variety, that even the Invid could not cause to produce fertile seeds. Even worse, the infertile seeds and plants captured by the Invid kept them powered and fed, at least for a time. With the introduction of their vast Hive Ships, spherical analogs to the Tirolian motherships, the Invid became capable, in some small measure, of challenging the Zentraedi in a stand-up fight. The Invid made virtually no permanent gains during this period, and suffered a major setback when their new base of operations in the Large Magellanic Cloud was discovered by the Masters’ fold-sensing probes. A Zentraedi taskforce made a six year-long journey to this planet and struck a terrible blow against them, forcing the Invid to abandon their homeworld for the second time. Still, it became painfully clear that the balance of power was shifting away from the weakened and devastated Empire, and to the Invid.

In 1940 C.E., the Zentraedi rooted out the last Ci’Vonian stronghold and destroyed it. Though the Robotech Masters long feared the return in force of the “Disciples of Zor”, this fear was never realized, and the Ci’Vonians were never heard from again. The Invid had become the sole remaining enemy.

Still, though its worlds were mostly protected, the Empire’s collapse was imminent. Power supplies were scarce, and to maintain order, a fair degree of autonomy had to be returned to the worlds inhabited by non-Tirolian races, like Karbarra – though none of these worlds desired independence, as that would leave them open to the depredations of the Invid. The Imperial renaissance foundered, and rot began to set into the long-stagnant society.


Downfall and Invid Occupation

The beginning of the end of the dying Tirolian Mercantile Empire came in February 1999 C.E., when Zor was killed in an Invid ambush during a seeding mission in deep space, and the secrets of the production of fertile seeds of the Flower of Life died with him. To make matters worse, the remaining store of fully fertile seeds was hidden aboard the Macross, which launched on autopilot during the ambush that killed Zor and folded into parts unknown.

Desperate for the remaining fertile seeds and their matrix, the Robotech Masters, perhaps foolishly, authorized Dolza to use any means necessary to recover the Macross.

In July 1999, the Macross crash-landed on Earth, followed ten years later by a Zentraedi task-force under Breetai Krondik. In a virtual repeat of the circumstances that began the Ci’Vonian War, Breetai’s Imperial-class Ado fleet, a fifth of the total Zentraedi armada, defected to the side of the cultured humans. This time, the rogue Zentraedi and their contaminators didn’t have time to even contemplate running. On June 18, 2011, Dolza, acting on his own initiative to remove the contaminated Zentraedi near Earth, mustered all the Zentraedi ships that still had sufficient power to make the fold to Earth, leaving the Empire’s core systems, long protected solely by their Zentraedi contingents, dangerously vulnerable to the Invid. Earth was bombarded, but the combined forces of Earth’s Grand Cannon, the Macross, and Breetai’s rebel fleet retaliated with tremendous speed and certainty, using a broadcast of music over all Zentraedi military frequencies to cause confusion and to disrupt communications. When the battle ended, the two opposing Zentraedi camps had all but wiped each other out, and the Empire – what was left of it – was ripe for the taking.

It took the Invid several years to really take advantage of the situation. In the decade prior to the destruction of the Zentraedi fleet, they had suffered terribly in massed engagements with the Zentraedi, and were as desperate for protoculture as were the Masters. But take advantage they did, reoccupying Optera, swiftly sweeping over the remnants of the Empire, and bearing down on Tirol herself.

The only remaining option left to the Masters was to follow the Zentraedi to Earth. Uncertain of Earth’s exact coordinates, their initial fold-jump, made in October of 2013, got them within twenty light-years of Earth, but without sufficient energy to complete the trip except by sublight drives. The trip was briefly shortened when sufficient energy was eventually squeezed from the decaying protoculture matrices for a short-range fold from several light-years out, but they arrived at Earth weakened and uncertain.

More importantly for Tirol, its last line of defense had been taken from it, except for a paltry reserve of Bioroids. The world’s citizens, long left to their own devices by the Masters and their orbiting Triumvirate clone societies, were left as easy prey for the Invid.

The Invid’s campaign of conquest concluded in December of 2022, when Tirol itself fell to their forces. Though the fighting over Tiresia was fierce, most of the planet gave up without a fight. The Invid were not mollified by the easy victory, and set about the extermination of the Tirolian race. Their plans were interrupted in January 2023, when the REF, on a mission to prevent another war with the Robotech Masters or their armies, arrived on Tirol, and found itself forced to make war on the Regent’s occupation force. Within three months, the spent and overextended Invid were driven from Tirol, and the UEEF was established as the custodians and inheritors of the world. In 2030, this relationship was formalized at Tirol’s request, and the Plenipotentiary Council attached to the UEEF became Tirol’s highest political body.

The Sentinels’ War and the New Tirolian Republic

The long wars had left Tirol in shambles. Off-world food and industrial production had virtually been wiped out with the loss of the colonies, and the only thing saving the Tirolians from famine was the fact that the population of Tirol had shrunk so dramatically. Though the brief Invid occupation killed many Tirolians, the simple fact is that Tirol had already become a lonely place. The extremely high standard of living had led to a very low birth rate for centuries. Furthermore, mass emigration occurred in the latter years of the Empire, in hopes of reestablishing a number of the colonies. When the Invid were driven from Tirol, the planet’s population was a mere two hundred and eighty million, similar to Earth’s population after the Zentraedi holocaust. But one major difference was clear: the centuries of the very low birth rate, combined with a very long life span even for the lowest classes, had led to the graying of the population. When the UEEF arrived, the average Tirolian was over sixty, and people under thirty-five made up only seventeen percent of the population.

The colonies fared far worse. At the height of the Elders’ empire, almost a hundred billion Tirolians lived off-world. This number was more than cut in half by the bloody Ci’Vonian war. The Invid succeeded in eradicating most of the former Tirolian colonies.

The Tirolian people had long forgotten how to take care of themselves. Virtually the entire urban population was made up of artisans and philosophers. The rural areas had largely become enormous estates, managed by automated machines. Science and engineering had long been the purview of the triumvirate clones, and the Masters made sure that the citizens of their homeworld were kept fed and indolent – as much to avoid further trouble from them as anything else. Nevertheless, the Tirolians have always been a proud and resourceful people, and the shock at seeing the Invid plunder their homeworld awakened the population from its long sleep. When the UEEF arrived and liberated Tirol, the Terran blood-brothers were received as heroes. The cities were rebuilt, and technical schools, based upon the very successful ones created for the Zentraedi assimilated into human society on Earth, were established for the citizenry. In 2033, one hundred and seventy thousand triumvirate clones returned in the Marcus Antonius, and were repatriated with only minimal uproar from the Tirolian citizenry. These clones proved to be extremely valuable in Tirol’s recovery, because of their substantially larger technical background, and their relative youth.

The Sentinels’ War and Edwards’ abortive coup in 2030 were the only disturbances to hit Tirol during its reconstruction – and these mainly confined themselves to the Terran population living on Tirol. In the two decades between the arrival of the UEEF and the departure of more than half its number in the attempt to liberate Earth, the Terrans began to adopt Tirolian culture as their own. Intermarriage between UEEF officers and the remnants of the Tirolian patrician class became relatively common. Though at first the military organization of the UEEF served to keep Terran and Tirolian cultures separate, the UEEF now began to integrate into Tirolian society, and by the time of reclamation missions to Earth starting in 2043, many of the Terran youth saw Tirol, and not Earth, as their home.

Though the Sentinels’ retaking of Tirol from Edwards saw the destruction of the last remnants of Tirol’s capacity to produce spacecraft, Tirol remained an interstellar power, with the Terrans in the UEEF as their proxy. In 2035, Tirol entered as a signatory to the Sentinels Confederation, now as an equal partner, not as a master.

Addendum: Tirolian Chronology





Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising, Tatsunoko Studio and Ammonite studio. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.


Original artwork by: Tatsunoko Production Co., Ltd. (Robotech II: The Sentinels); John and Jason Waltrip.


Acknowledgement is also extended to Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide. Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern are given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide that has been utilized on Robotech Illustrated. 

Content by Peter Walker and Aubry Thonon, with Pieter Thomassen and Rob Morgenstern

Copyright © 2002, 1998, 1995 Robert Morgenstern, Pieter Thomassen, Peter Walker