Category Archives: Civilian Goods

2004-2011 Daihatsu Hijet

2004-2011 Daihatsu Hijet

by Tim Wing

The tenth generation of the Daihatsu Hijet kei car was introduced in December 2004. The tenth generation was only available in van form, with the trucks remaining the ninth generation cabover model until the Zentraedi Rain of Death. In Japan, the passenger car version of the Hijet is known as the “Daihatsu Atrai”, which is also powered by a 660 cc Turbo engine producing 64 PS (47 kW). The base model is mid-engined with rear-wheel drive, but four-wheel drive versions are also available. Available engines for 2006 included the EVT equipped battery powered electric version powered by lithium dry-cell batteries. The electric engines were a pair of 25 kW three-phase, four-pole AC motors powering the rear wheels. The Hijet sold well in Japan as well as in the few international markets where the type was available. Many were found on Macross Island at the Time of the launch ceremony of the UES Macross. Many of the electric versions of the Hijet which survived the fold incident continued to be used in the reconstructed Macross City inside the SDF-1.

  • Manufacturer: Daihatsu
  • Production: 2004-2011
  • Body and chassis
  • Class: kei truck
  • Body style: Van
  • Layout: mid-engine, rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive; all electric variants rear wheel drive

Powertrain

  • Engine: 660cc turbo charged four cycle engine; 2 x three-phase, four-pole AC motors
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual, 6-speed automatic; direct drive for EVT

Dimensions

  • Wheelbase: 1.82 m
  • Length: 3.2 m
  • Width: 1.4 m
  • Height: 2 m

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Fuji FA-408 Fan Liner

Fuji FA-408 Fanliner

by Tim Wing

Attachments:

  • Fan Liner reference file
  • Fan Liner gallery

The FA-408 Fanliner was a light civil aviation aircraft designed by Ikki Takemi of the aviation division of Fuji Heavy Industries. Primary production was at their Macross Island facility, starting on 2008. After the disastrous fold incident of the UES Macross, which resulted in the destruction of Macross City and subsequent rebuilding inside the bowls of the ship, the factory established a shop onboard the ship. This shop was occupied primarily with the war effort, building component parts for VF-1 Valkyries and other weapons systems. As a side project, however, the shop built a few FA-408s from parts and components salvaged from the old factory. As a promotional stunt, one of these completed Fanliners were given away as first place prize for the winner of the Miss Macross Contest. This FA-408 was eventually given to General Richard Hunter, who had an unspecified relationship with the pop idol Lynn Minmay. This particular FA-408 is the only known example still inexistence, and can be seen on display at the Monument City Heritage Aviation Museum.

  • Equipment Type: light fan jet liner
  • Designer: Ikki Takemi
  • Builder: Fuji Heavy Industries
  • Government: privately owned
  • Accommodation: two, pilot plus passenger
  • Power Plant: VA-18 hydro-turbine engine; output 500-600 hp
  • Propulsion: single-fan jet
  • Performance: maximum range 400-450 kilometers

 

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Miyatake Kazutaka

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized in this publication. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Daihatsu Charade (Sixth generation G13; 2008-2011)

Daihatsu Charade (Sixth generation G13; 2008-2011)

by Tim Wing

  • Manufacturer: Daihatsu
  • Production: 2007-2011
  • Class: Supermini
  • Layout: Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • Predecessor: Daihatsu Charade (Fifth generation G12; 2000-2007)

The Daihatsu Charade is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Daihatsu from 1977 to 2011. It is considered by Daihatsu as a “large compact” car, to differentiate it from the smaller kei car compacts in its line-up, such as the Daihatsu Mira. The G13 Charade was Daihatsu’s first major departure from “normal configuration” automobiles. Since the car was designed form the outset to be electric, the passenger compartment was moved forward to make room for the battery pack in the rear. The batteries powered two electric motors in the middle axel. Since the G13 Charade was a pure electric, it was one of the few cars outside of military vehicles allowed to be operated on the UES Macross.


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2017 Tim Wing

 

 

Airdrome Airplanes Fokker D.VII Replica

Airdrome Airplanes Fokker D.VII Replica

by Tim Wing

Airdrome Airplanes’ replica of the Fokker D.VII was a popular kit plane in the pre-war period. The kit was available in 75% scale, 80% scale and full size. The Fokker was of aluminum tube & rivet construction, with modern aeronautical fabric used rather than the traditional linen and dope. The entire airframe was engineered using CAD design. The kit was relatively easy for a hobbyist to construct, with a claimed build time of 400 hours for the 75/80 variants and 550 hours for the full-size variant.

Several engine options were available. The small variants typically used an air-cooled Hirth F30 four cylinder, while the full size could accommodate anything from a Superior 360 to air cooled flat four, to PBS Velká Bíteš TP100 turboprop engine! Airdrome’s Fokker was known for its light and easy controls, and was considered by almost anyone who got behind the stick of one to be a joy to fly! These planes were common at airshows all the way up to the beginning of the First Robotech War. After the war, the blueprints were still available and several small manufacturers offered knock-offs of the kit (of varying levels of quality).

  • Equipment Type: combat airplane replica
  • Government: privately owned
  • Accommodation: pilot only
  • Original mechanical designer: Reinhold Platz
  • Wingspan 8.93 meters (full size)
  • Height 2.80 meters (full size)
  • Length 6.93 meters (full size)
  • Mass empty: 213 kg (80% size); 698 kg (full size)
  • Standard T-O: 350 kg (80% size); 850 kg (full size)
  • Power Plant: 1 × Hirth F30 110 HP (80% size); 1 x Superior 360 180 HP or 1 x PBS Velká Bíteš TP100 turboprop 241 HP (full size)
  • Stall speed: 55 kph (80% size)
  • Cruising speed: 150 kph (80% size)
  • Top speed: 168 kph (80% size); 186 kph (full size)
  • Rate of climb: 4.5 meters per second (80% size)


 

Want to build your own Fokker D-VII? Check out Airdrome Aeroplanes.

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized in this publication. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2017 Tim Wing

 

 

1991-2003 Dodge Omni

Dodge Omni GLH-T1991-2003 Dodge Omni

by Tim Wing

The 2nd Generation Plymouth Horizon/Dodge Omni was a compact front wheel drive car introduced in January 1990 for the 1991 model year by Chrysler’s Dodge and Plymouth brands. It replaced two of the Chrysler K-Car derivatives: the 1st generation Dodge Omni/Plymouth Horizon and the Dodge Shadow/Plymouth Sundance, as well as the Dodge Colt. The Omni/Horizon was offered in two door or four door hatch back configuration. Though primitive in comparison to their Japanese and domestic rivals such as the Honda Civic and the Ford Escort, the Omni/Horizon twins still managed to sell well. In 2001, near the end of the production run, Chrysler brought back the GLH name for a turbo-charged performance variant of the Omni (this time sans involvement from Carole Shelby). GLH actually stood for Goes Like Hell, which was much hyped by Chrysler’s marketing department. To be fair, it was an apt description. The GLH variant made 255 horse power, which it put to the ground through the front wheels. This in a car that weighed only 2600 pounds. Though very fast, the Omni GLHs were notorious for wrist snapping torque steer.

  • Also Called: Chrysler Horizon, Dodge Omni, Plymouth Horizon
  • Production: November 10, 1990–August 2003
  • Body style: 2-door hatch-back, 4-door hatch-back
  • Engine:
    • 1.8 L EBD I4 (gasoline)
    • 2.0 L A588 I4 (gasoline)
    • 2.0 L ECC I4 (gasoline)
    • 2.5 L Turbo V (gasoline)
  • Transmission:
    • 5-speed NVG T-350 manual
    • 3-speed TorqueFlite 31TH automatic
  • Dimensions
    • Wheelbase: 104.0 in (2,640 mm)
    • Length: 171.8 in (4,360 mm)
    • Width: 67.5 in (1,710 mm)
    • Height: 54.9 in (1,390 mm)

 


 

 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Tim Wing

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2015 Tim Wing

 

 

2007-2011 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham 1

2007-2011 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

by Tim Wing

The Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham was a full-size luxury sedan built by General Motors in the last years before the Zentraedi Holocaust. The car was a four axel, body on frame design based on the D-body platform, which it shared with the Buick Roadmaster of the same model years. The Fleetwood Brougham was significant in that it was an attempt by Cadillac to build a true top level luxury sedan to compete with the Mercedes S-class and other European high-end luxury cars.

  • Production: 2007-2011
  • Assembly: Arlington, Texas, USA
  • Also called: Cadillac Limgine (GM Japan; 2007-2009 only)
  • Body style: 4-door sedan
  • Layout: FR layout
  • Platform: D-body
  • Related: Buick Roadmaster
  • Engine: L99 6.2 L V8, LLK 4.5 L V8 diesel, L20 8.1 L V8
  • Transmission: 6-speed 6L80 automatic, 5-speed Allison 1000 automatic
  • Wheelbase: 4.9 meters (193.5 in)
  • Length: 7.2 meters (284.0 in)
  • Width: 2 meters (78.0 in)
  • Height: 1.4 meters (56.8 in)
  • Curb weight: 2,600-2,700 kg (5,700–5,900 lb)

Design

The Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham’s most noticeable feature was its eight wheel layout. Though six wheel cars had become a bit of a fad during this time, no manufacturer besides GM was producing an eight wheeled car. Being a front engine, rear wheel design, both of the rear axles of the Fleetwood were driven. The front wheels were both steered. This allowed the car, which had a very long wheel base by any measure, to have a reasonable turning radius. This, and its advantages for armored and limousine conversions, was about the only justification for this setup.

Engines

The Fleetwood Brougham was available with three different engines. The base model had GM’s 6.2 Liter L99. The L99 was derived from the LS3 with reduced output, but added Active Fuel Management, which allowed it to run on only four cylinders during light load conditions. For the economy minded, the Fleetwood Brougham was also available with the LLK V8 diesel. This engine was a 4.5-litre 72-degree V8, originally designed for light-duty applications. Designed to fit in the same space as a Chevrolet Small-Block engine, it produced over 230 kW (310 bhp) and 705 Nm (520 lb ft) of torque. It added urea injection and 2,000 bar (29,000-psi) piezo-electric common-rail fuel system.

The top of the line Fleetwood was powered by GM’s L20 new generation Big Block. The L20 was based on the L18 8.1 Liter Big Block found in GM commercial trucks of the time, but had an aluminum block with direct injection. In L20 form this engine made 445 kW (600 bhp) and an amazing 1030 Nm (760 lb ft) of torque! The L21 Big Block, which was found in the Z07 Corvette of the time was even more insane, with a total output of 515 kW (690 bhp) and an amazing 1180 Nm (870 lb ft) of torque! Also, due to the aluminum block construction, the engine weighed only 250 kg (55o pounds) fully dressed, as compared to 360 kg (800 pounds) for the traditional iron block version. Still, the use of this engine was indicative of just how out of touch GM was at the time of the Fleetwood’s design. The United States was still recovering from the fuel crises of the 80s and 90s. Though the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had finally relaxed oil prices after the crash of the SDF-1, the price of Brent Crude was still relatively high at $120 US Dollars ($126 in adjusted 2070 International Credits) per barrel. All told, a top of the line Fleetwood managed about 16.8 L/100 km (14 MPG). Even with the LLK diesel, it still was only a 9 L/100 km (26 MPG) automobile.

Transmissions

The Fleetwood used two transmissions, the 6-speed 6L80 automatic for the L99 and LLK diesel, and the 5-speed Allison 1000 automatic for the Big Block. The Allison unit was also sourced from GM’s line of commercial trucks, and suffered from noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) issues. Also, it only being a five speed unit contributed to the car’s dismal fuel economy.

Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham 2

Styling

The styling of the Fleetwood Brougham was pure 1970’s Americana. Several styling cues made it into the design of the Fleetwood that had fallen out of favor with its European rivals long ago. The front end had the traditional Cadillac quad headlights with a vertical grill and raised fender lines. Perched on top of these fenders were the ever present turn signal repeaters, which allowed the driver (or chauffer) to see if the bulbs were operational, even though this function was already covered by the onboard diagnostic system. The roof was available with a vinyl or Landau top, recalling such classics as the mid-seventies Ford LTD. Out back, you had the required Cadillac tail fins and vertical bar tail lights, as well as a circular hump on the truck lid to represent a Continental tire kit of old. The interior featured a traditional front bench seat (the Fleetwood was the last car to have this in its class), and could be specified in pleated leather or soft velour cloth! Finally there was the chrome: lots and lots of chrome. This was at a time when other manufacturers had long ago moved to sleek, wedge shaped designs with a minimum of unnecessary styling fuss. Still, it was this ridicules styling that makes the last generation Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham so collectible today!

Armored Variants

The eight wheel layout, body on frame construction, as well as the availability of truly robust drivetrain options, made the big Caddy a favorite of armored car manufacturers. The Fleetwood could be up-armored with an extra 2000 pounds of composite armor, without over stressing the basic design. With the body removed, the frame was easy to reinforce to handle the extra weight. The eight wheels allowed the 8000 pound car to have a very low ground pressure for its size, and added additional redundancy in the case of small arms fire puncturing the tires (which were run-flat anyway). As an example, a Fleetwood refit by Texas Armoring Corporation featured glass areas constructed of lightweight glass-clad polycarbonate providing protection up to 7.62mm NATO. The body and roof were constructed of lightweight composite armor, which was a mix of high-hardened ballistic steel, Kevlar and Aramid fibers, which provided protection up to 12.7mm NATO (.50 Caliber) machine gun fire!

After such high-profile assassinations, such as that of UNEG Secretary General Harlan J. Niven and Sara Hayse (the wife of a UN Spacy Admiral), armored limousines such as the Cadillac Fleetwood become an operational requirement for high ranking government and military officials. Several up-armored Cadillac Fleetwoods were on Macross Island when the SDF-1 had its fold mishap in the opening stages of the First Robotech War, and many more were stuffed away in the hardened bunkers of political and military leadership during Dolza’s “Rain of Death”. Because of this, a high percentage of Fleetwood Broughams surviving today are of the up-armored variety.

Other Opinions

The 2007-2012 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham was everything that was wrong with GM’s Cadillac division in the early part of the 21st century, distilled into an eight wheeled, overweight ode to 1970’s Las Vegas excess. Seriously, this car is what fat Elvis would be if he was reincarnated as a machine. And like fat Elvis, people are actually nostalgic for it. Take a break from reading this, and go to Hagerty’s Car Reviews and look this thing up. The current valuation for a Vehicle Condition One example of one of these behemoths is 1,200,000 International Credits. Seriously. Over a million bucks! This is assuming you can find one. There are only eight known examples to have survived the 1st Robotech War (not including armored cars, which are considerably less collectable). But scarcity alone does not account for the massive price tag. All pre-war cars are rare. But look at the values on a 2009 Mercedes S-class. In top spec, this is a $250,000 Credit car. Why? The S-class was a better car. It introduced innovative technology such as active cruise control, innovative diesel electric powertrain and a host of active safety measures. And it had far better build quality. Even today, if you get in an S-class from this era, you are struck by how vault like, how quite, how squeak and rattle free this car is. And this is a sixty year old car! The Fleetwood, if my grandfather is to be believed, left the factory squeaking and rattling!

So what did the Caddy have that the big ‘Merc didn’t? Nostalgia. When you think of pre-war America, you think Cadillac. You think ridicules styling that was stuck in late sixties. You think of the massive wheelbase. You think of the fake vinyl roof and the silly round bump on the trunk lid made to recall a time when the spare tire of a car was mounted there. You think of the massive big block V8 up front and the fins out back. You think “rich Corinthian leather” and road head facilitating front bench seats. In other words, this car is everything we wish that the world still was.

From the March 2068 edition issue of Regular Car Reviews.

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Tim Wing; Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin (Macross) 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2015 Tim Wing