British Leyland M99 LUV (Light Utility Vehicle)

British Leyland M99 LUV (Light Utility Vehicle)

by Tim Wing

Attachments:

  • M99 reference file
  • M99 gallery

The M99 Light Utility Vehicle (LUV) was a militarized version of Land Rover’s post war Defender 90. The LUV was available in a variety of drive train and body configurations. Power trains included conventional diesel engines, diesel hybrid electrics and pure electrics. The LUV, or Landy as it was more often referred to by its operators, was purchased in large numbers and equipped both the United Earth Defense Forces and the United Earth Expeditionary Forces. These rugged, if not always reliable, trucks served in every conflict from the Malcontent Uprisings to the Invid Occupation.  

  • Type: Four passenger light utility
  • In service: 2015-2038
  • Primary users: British Army, Australian Army, UEDF, UEEF
  • Manufacturer: Land Rover division of British Leyland.
  • Weight: 1778 kg (curb weight)
  • Wheelbase: 2.36 meters
  • Speed: 150 kph (diesel and electric versions), 200 kph (hybrid electric versions)
  • Unit Price: $40,000 (In 2070 adjusted International Credits)

History

Development

The first vehicle to enter production by the Land Rover division of British Leyland on post “Rain of Death” earth was an update of the venerable Defender, which had been in continues production from 1983 through till the endof the 1st Robotech War. Changes to the Defender were minimal. The “Newfor 2014” Defender still used the chassis, suspension and drive train from itspre-war self. Changes included a new body, now constructed from high impact ABS plastic instead of aluminum, and a decidedly more spartan interior. The new Defender was designed to do one thing: transport people and objects over the harshest terrain on the war ravaged and irradiated post war Earth. Initial production was at the Kulim plant in Malaysia, which survived the war reasonably intact. Production was later shifted to British Leyland’s new facility in the West Midland’s reconstruction zone of the United Kingdom. In 2015 British Leyland created the Defender XD2 (for Extra Duty Mark 2). Powered by the same Td5 turbo diesel as the pre-war XD, the XD2 had a much stronger chassis, with fibre webbing around the welded joints in the chassis and around stress points to massively increase load capacity.

Service History

The British and Australian Armies were quick to request a militarized version of the new Defender. Rover responded with the updated Defender XD2. The XD2 shared most of its mechanicals with the older Defender XD which was already in service with both countries. By the time most United Earth Government member state’s militaries consolidated under the Treaty of the Southern Cross in 2018,the XD2 was in service with at least 26 different armies. The XD2 was officially adopted into the United Earth Defense Force (UEDF) inventory as the M99 Light Utility Vehicle (LUV).

The LUV was purchased in great numbers by the UEDF Tactical Corps and was later purchased in various electric drive train variants by the Reconnaissance Expeditionary Force (REF, later re-designated the United Earth Expeditionary Force, or UEEF). The LUV was used primarily as a non-tactical vehicle by both branches. Uses included patrol, communications and supply duties. As anon-tactical vehicle, many survived the 2nd Robotech War, and found their way into the hands of resistance fighters. In the context of an insurgent campaign against an occupying force, the LUV’s lack of armor was not of much concern. Rather, its traditional Land Rover traits of rugged design and excellent off-road performance made it a popular choice amongst Earths freedom fighters,second only to the Toyota Hilux. Its known popularity prompted the UEEF to send hundreds surplus LUVs back to Earth in an attempt to help the beleaguered partisans.   

Design

The LUV was available in several configurations. These included, but were not limited to four seat cargo/troop carriers, two seat cargo/troop carriers, four seat brimstone anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) carriers,two-litter and four litter ambulances, two seat armament carriers, two seat shelter carriers, two seat prime movers for 105-mm howitzers, a heavy variant based on the Defender 127 and a bare chassis variant which could be configured for whatever use was needed.

Armor

Though the LUV had no armor per-se, its body panels were constructed from Kevlar reinforce plastics. The body provided modest protection from shell fragments and small caliber infantry weapons, but with an open crew compartment this was of little help. Though attempts were made by the UEDF to field a fully enclosed up-armored version during the Malcontent Uprisings,these experiments met with little success.

Armament

While most LUVs were not armed, all had provisions for a pintle mounted crew serve weapon such as the Mk.25 40mm Automatic Grenade Launcher,M-227 14.5mm Heavy Machine Gun, MG-8 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun, M3A2M Browning 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun, MG15 7.62mm Machine Gun and M-225 (M240) MAG 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. The pintle attachment point was in the center of the vehicle, even with the backs of the front seats.  

An anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) carrier version was also built in the forms of the M102 LUV-RMP (for Rapier Missile Platform) and the later M137 LUV-IRMP (for Improved Rapier Missile Platform). Both versions carrier a single tube ATM-01 Rapier missile launcher with integrated sight. The launcher was mounted on a ring and pintle over where the right rear seat would normally be. Unlike all other soft top LUVs, the frame for the canvas top could not be removed, as it was integral for the turret ring of the launcher.  

Mobility

The LUV served with a variety of engines. The first, and most common, was the standard Rover Td5 turbo diesel. The Td5 was a five-cylinder multi-fuel turbo diesel producing 100 kW (135 hp) and 300 Nm (220 lb ft) of torque. This engine was based on Land Rover’s civilian market engine, but with a simplified engine management system and no concessions to such concerns such as emissions. This engine was mated to a four speed ZF automatic transmission with locking center differential. Both the front and rear differentials wear also locking.

The second variant was powered by a hybrid electric engine.This consisted of a 2.0 l multi-fuel diesel engine mounted to a Siemens electric motor. The electric motor drew power from a battery pack located in the back of the vehicle. The electric engine could propel the LUV by itself for silent operation, or it could be turned by the diesel engine to provide charging for the battery pack. Additionally, it could provide torque fill to the diesel engine, when maximum performance was required. This engine set-up was paired with the same drive train as the conventional diesel variant.

The electric drive train option consisted of two Siemens high torque electric engines mounted at the front and rear differentials. These engines drew power from a lithium ion battery pack located in what before was the engine compartment of the LUV. The standard battery packs allowed for around 400 km of range on one charge. Provisions for additional battery banks in the rear allowed for a booster pack which increased range by an extra 150 km per pack. A total of three packs could be carried, but at the expense of the entirety of the cargo area.

Camouflage and markings

Though the LUV served in a variety of paint and camouflage schemes throughout its service life, the most common were as follows: In UEDF use LUVs were either painted Desert Sand (FS30277) when in use in arid environments, Dark Green (FS34102) when in use in temperate environments and Field Drab (FS30118)when operating in either transitional environments or when the vehicles were part of a Rapid Deployment Force (RDF) or any other unit where it was not certain what sort of environment they would be fighting in. Early REF/UEEF LUVs were all painted Field Drab (FS30118) at the outset of the Pioneer Mission. Later,most LUVs in UEEF service were repainted either Forest Green (FS34082) or Sage Green (FS34103).

Variants and upgrades

  • M99 LUV: Four seat cargo/troop carrier, soft top, diesel version
  • M100 LUV: Two seat cargo/troop carrier, soft top, diesel version
  • M102 LUV-RMP: Four seat Rapier ATGM missile carrier, soft top,diesel version
  • M104 LUV-MA: Two seat mini-ambulance, two-litter, hard top,diesel version
  • M105 LUV-MAXA: Two seat maxi-ambulance, four-litter, hardtop, diesel version
  • XM119 LAV: Experimental up-armored light armored vehicle variant,diesel version
  • M124 LUV: Two seat armament carrier, soft top, diesel version
  • M136 LUV-A: Two seat soft top ambulance, two-litter, diesel version
  • M137 LUV-IRMP: Improved Rapier ATGM carrier, hard top, hybrid electric version
  • M138 LUV: Two seat shelter carrier, soft top, hybrid electric version
  • M139 LUV: Two seat shelter carrier MSE, hard top, hybrid electric version
  • M140 LUV: Two seat cargo/troop carrier, soft top, hybrid electric version (replacing the M100)
  • M142 LUV: Two seat shelter carrier, soft top, hybrid electric version (replacing the M138)
  • M169 LUV-PM: Two seat prime mover/tractor for 105-mm Gun, hybridelectric version
  • M197 LUV-XL: Four seat heavy duty variant based on the Defender127, soft top, hybrid electric version
  • M197 base platform: Bare chassis kit for multiple end-user configurations
  • M198 LUV: Four seat cargo/troop carrier/prime mover, soft top, hybrid electric version (replacing the M99)
  • M199 LUV: Four seat cargo/troop carrier, soft top, electric version (replacing the M99)
  • M200 LUV: Two seat cargo/troop carrier, soft top, electric version (replacing the M100)
  • M202 LUV-RMP: Four seat Rapier ATGM missile carrier, soft top,electric version (replacing the M102)
  • M204 LUV-MA: Two seat mini-ambulance, two-litter, hard top, electric version (replacing the M104)
  • M205 LUV-MAXA: Two seat maxi-ambulance, four-litter, hardtop, electric version (replacing the M105)

Operators

  • United Earth Government: United Earth Defense Force (UEDF) 2018to 2032, Reconnaissance Expeditionary Force/United Earth Expeditionary Force (REF/UEEF)2019 to 2042
  • United Kingdom: British Army 2015 to 2017, Royal Marines 2015to 2017
  • Australia: Australian Army 2015 to 2017
  • Israel: IsraeliDefense Force 2016 to 2032


Technical File

I. Dimensions:

  • Height: 1.3 meters (with windshield down), 1.8 m (withwindshield raised)
  • Length: 3.8 meters
  • Wheelbase: 2.36 meters
  • Width: 1.6 meters
  • Weight: 1778 kg (curb weight, baseline M99)

II. Type:

  • Design: Land Rover divisions of British Leyland
  • Builders: Land Rover divisions of British Leyland, Inokom Corporation, Santana Motor S.A., MDT Armor Corporation,
  • M99 LUV: 2 or 4-man multipurpose light utility non-tactical vehicle(see variants above).

III. Service History:

  • M99 through M136 Td5 powered LUVs: Served with the British Army, the Royal Marines, the Australian Army and various other UEG member state militaries from 2015 through 2017, and with the UEDF from 2018 until the Invid Invasion.
  • M137 through M198 hybrid electric powered LUVs: Served with the UEDF from 2020 until the Invid Invasion, and with the REF/UEEF from 2020 through 2037.
  • M199 through M205 electric powered LUVs: Served with the UEDF from 2025 until the Invid Invasion, and with the REF/UEEF from 2022 through 2037.

IV. Propulsion:

(M99 through M136)

  • Engine: 1 x Td5 5-cylinder turbocharged multi-fuel diesel producing 100 kW and 300 Nm of torque.
  • Transmission: 4-speed ZF 4HP22 automatic with locking front,rear and center differentials.
  • Fuel Capacity: 60 liter fuel tank for diesel, vegetable oil,kerosene or JP-8 jet fuel.

(M137 through M198)

  • Engine: 1 x 2.0 liter 3-cylinder turbocharged multi-fuel diesel producing 55 kW and 180 Nm of torque cupelled to a Siemens electric motor producing 68 kW.
  • Transmission: 4-speed ZF 4HP22 automatic with locking front,rear and center differentials.
  • Fuel Capacity: 50 liter fuel tank for diesel, vegetable oil,kerosene or JP-8 jet fuel and one lithium ion battery pack.

(M137 through M198)

  • Engine: 2 x Siemens electric motor producing 68 kW each.
  • Transmission: Direct drive.
  • Fuel Capacity: 1 x lithium ion battery pack with the option of additional battery packs for extended range.

V. Performance:

  • Maximum road speed: 150 km/h (Td5 and Electric), 200 km/h (Hybrid)
  • Maximum cross-country speed: 50 km/h
  • Maximum towing speed: 95 km/h
  • Maximum range: 600 km (Td5), 800 km (Hybrid), 400 km(Electric).
  • Fuel economy: 12 l/100 km
  • Maximum incline: 60-degree
  • Maximum combined cargo and towing capacity: 5000 kg

VI. Electronics:

  • Provisions for standard UEDF short- and long-rangedirectional radios.

VII. Armament:

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ATM-01-Rapier-ATGM-1024x623.jpg

(M102 LUV-RMP and M137 LUV-IRMP Rapier Missile Platforms only)

  • 1 x Single tube ATGM launcher with firing a single short-range (8.2km) combined infra-red imager and passive laser homing 120mm ATM-01 Rapier III missile. The missile carries a HEAT warhead. Up to eight reloads can be carried in the dedicated stowage rack in the cargo area of the vehicle. Reload time is typically just under one minute.

VIII. Armor:

Skin:

  • Kevlar reinforced plastic.
  • Provides fair resistance small arms fire and shell fragments.

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. Genesis Climber MOSPEADA (R) is the property of Fuji Television, Artmic Studio and Tatsunoko Production. This document is in no way intended to infringe upontheir rights.

Original artwork by: Yoshitaka Amano, Shinji Aramaki and Hideki Kakinuma.

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

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