Monthly Archives: March 2018

Surogou Point Defense Battery

Surogou Point Defense Battery

by Tim Wing

The Surogou Point Defense Battery was a small orbital and space-based drone designed for space installation defense. It mounted a pair of Makral Mossil 920 particle cannons, derivatives of the Makral Mossil 918 which has been the standard Zentraedi medium naval cannon for the last several centuries. It also mounted one medium anti-ship missile launchers. The Surogou was designed to form a picket around high value installations, such as the Tirolian Mercantile Empires many factory satellites and the Fulbtzs Berrentze Command Base. These drones could also be orbited around planets where they could act as an area denial weapon.

The Makral Mossil 920 particle cannon was a combined particle beam and laser weapon. Two different beam weapons (variable frequency laser and particle beam cannon) were provided on one mount so that the discharge medium could be chosen as the optimum for the local target and environment conditions. Both weapons had the same yield at the muzzle. The laser could be fired in a low power mode directly before the particle beam fired, this setting was typically used to burn a vacuum path for the particles through an atmosphere. The cannon had an effective range of 300,000 km. Each full-intensity shot had a yield of 1000 MJ, and the cannons could cycle through their firing sequence once every 25 seconds.

The missile launcher carried 20 SSA-3 Sucker (Zentraedi designation unknown) medium, short range anti-ship missiles. Each missile was guided by a combined inertial/IIR/active radar seeker with a Reflex AI guidance system. Warhead yield was 658 kg. Range was a delta-v of 2.3 kps.

 

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Esbeliben Regult Tactical Battle Pod

Esbeliben Regult Tactical Battle Pod

by Tim Wing

I. Dimensions:

Regult

  • Height: 17.9 m
  • Length: 8.9 m
  • Width: 7.9 m
  • Weight: 39.5 metric tons (dry)

Mistraekor Regult

  • Height: 17.9 m
  • Length: 8.5 m
  • Width: 9.2 m
  • Weight: 42.0 metric tons (dry)

II. Type:

  • Design: Esbeliben 4432369th Fully-automated Weapons Factory.
  • Builder: Various manufacturers.

III. Designed roles:

  • Regult: One man, all weather ground combat mecha with secondary space capabilities.
  • Mistraekor Regult: One man, all weather ground combat mecha with secondary space capabilities.

IV. Service History:

  • Regult: Served with the Tirolian Border Fleets and the Regular Zentraedi forces from 1528 onwards. Replacement in the Zentraedi Main Fleet by the Reguld began in 1831 onwards, with most units (90%+) replaced by 1856. As of 1999, at least 40% of Battle Pods in the Border Fleets were still Regults.
  • Mistraekor Regult: Served with the Tirolian Border Fleets and the Regular Zentraedi forces from 1602 until 1759.

Propulsion:

Note: all plasma-shock expansion engines draw their plasma from a single fusion pile.

Regult:

  • Two Varredoush type 6 plasma-shock expansion engines with thrust vectoring nozzles. The thruster are located to the sides of the main body and have a maximum burst output of 310 kN and a maximum sustained output of 220 kN.

Mistraekor Regult:

  • Four Varredoush type 7 plasma-shock expansion engines in rotating mounts. The thruster are located to the sides of the main body and have a maximum burst output of 380 kN and a maximum sustained output of 310 kN.

All:

  • Assorted maneuvering thrusters, fed from the main engines, are spread out over the mecha.
  • Fuel Capacity: 12 Standard Canisters of Protoculture.

V. Performance:

Regult:

  • Maximum running speed: 270 kph.
  • Maximum jumping distance in Earth-normal conditions: 100 meters.
  • Average cell duration: 200 hours continuous operational use.
  • Delta-v capacity: 3 kps on graphite reaction mass.

Mistraekor Regult:

  • Maximum running speed (full missile load): 210 kph.
  • Maximum jumping distance in Earth-normal conditions: 90 meters.
  • Average cell duration: 200 hours continuous operational use.
  • Delta-v capacity: 2.4 kps on graphite reaction mass.

VI. Electronics:

Radar tracking:

  • VBPS0-SS(*) hull conformal phased array with spherical coverage, for various scan/track, battlefield surveillance and counterbattery options.

Optical tracking:

  • VBPS0-SS Multi-band digital camera system, for medium range all attitude infra-red imaging, optical and ultra-violet band detection and tracking.
  • VBPS0-SS Multi-frequency laser ranger and designator.

Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

  • VBPS0-SS Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)
  • VBPS0-SS Infra-red Warning Receiver (IRWR)
  • VBPS0-SS Active sensor jammer
  • VBPS0-SS Chaff and flare dispenser

(*) Terran designation. The Tirolian designers considered the sensors part of the design and did not assign separate designations for these systems.

VII. Armament:

Regult:

  • 2 x Makral Martszur-4 (also known under the Terran designation of PB-10) four-barreled rotary particle beam cannons mounted on the upper chest. The sub-barrels can each fire a particle beam of 2.5 MJ every second, all can be fired in parallel, for maximum localized damage, or in series for increased chances of a hit.
  • 2 x Moldile Tszan-83 (also known under the Terran designation of AC-L) 22.3mm autocannons in the chin of the mecha. Each cannon can rotate 150 degrees and elevate from -70 degrees to +60 degrees. The cannon fires caseless armor-piercing (AP) or (more commonly) fragmentation (FRAG) rounds rounds at 850 rpm. The ammunition supply is 2000 rounds.
  • 2 x Moldile Tszan-83L (also known under the Terran designation of AC-L-Ex) 22.3mm autocannons directly on top of the main body. The autocannons can rotate 360 degrees and elevate from -10 degrees to +85 degrees. The cannon fires caseless armor-piercing (AP) or (more commonly) fragmentation (FRAG) rounds rounds at 850 rpm. The ammunition supply is 1000 rounds.

Mistraekor Regult:

  • 6 x Moldile Mistraekor-49 (also known under the Terran designation of RGT-F) 64mm triple-barreled rotary liquid-fueled, self-propelled low velocity impact cannons on the torso. The cannons fired rocket-assisted semi-active laser guided HESH-shells with a maximum speed of 480 m/s at 180 rpm to a maximum effective range of up to 1.9 km in an Earth-like environment. The ammunition bin for each weapon could contain 60 rounds, for 360 rounds total.
  • 2 x Moldile Tszan-83L (also known under the Terran designation of AC-L-Ex) 22.3mm autocannons directly on top of the main body. The autocannons can rotate 360 degrees and elevate from -10 degrees to +85 degrees. The cannon fires caseless armor-piercing (AP) or (more commonly) fragmentation (FRAG) rounds rounds at 850 rpm. The ammunition supply is 1000 rounds.

VIII. Armor:

The armor of the Regult is composed of an advanced titanium-steel alloy. The armor stops all small arms and heavy infantry weapons fire, provides excellent resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Zentraedi 22.3mm HE autocannon round, and fair resistance to medium mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Valkyrie’s 55mm APFSDS round.

The Regult provides full protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, using a sealed cockpit environment. The internal consumables supplies can provide breathable atmosphere for four days maximum.

IX. Development:

After the Ci’Vonian crisis of 1519-1520 AD (AR 28 98 – 29 16), the Robotech Elders saw a need to seriously upgrade their primary infantry battle mecha, the T’zenult All Environment Combat Robot. The resulting mecha, the Regult Tactical Battle Pod, was the first of what would come to be considered the classical Zentraedi Battle Pod. The Regult entered production in 1528 and served through till the early part of the 19th century, when it began to be replaced by the less expensive Reguld Tactical Battle Pod.

The Regult was developed as the general-purpose mecha for the Zentraedi armies and fleets. As all other Zentraedi mecha, the Regult and its versions were produced in automated factories spread through the Tirolian Mercantile Empire. The number of Regult pods produced can only be estimated to lie around the two to three billion. The Regult Tactical Battle Pod formed the backbone of the Zentraedi mechanized infantry forces on both land in space.

It is hard to understand the design aspects of the original Regult Battle Pod without directly comparing it to the Reguld which would eventually come to replace it. In the simplest terms, the newer Reguld was a less expensive, easier to produce version of the Regult. The Masters switched to this quantity over quality mindset after the near disastrous Battle of Tirol, when the Ci’Vonian fleet folded into Tirol-space in 1792 (AR 77 24). Finding the planet nearly undefended due to the Zentraedi Main Fleet being spread throughout the local group in a vain attempt to engage them, the Disciples of Zor nearly brought an end to the Tiresian Mercantile Empire. Though the main fleet was eventually able to muster and arrive in enough time to evert disaster, the Masters resolved to massively increase the size of the fleet in order to ensure such a situation never occurred again.

Like the Reguld, the Regult Tactical Battle Pod had the strengths of high mobility and heavy armament. The armor of the Regult was composed of what Terrans would later come to call “Space-Metal”, a super advance high strength titanium-steel alloy. This alloy provided over double the armor protection of the later Reguld, which was composed of a far more conventional alloy. The Regult was propelled by a pair of high thrust, vectored Varredoush type 6 plasma-shock expansion engines. Total thrust to weight ratio was comparable to the later Reguld, though the Regult carried more reaction mass giving it a higher Delta-V. The sensor suite was of far higher quality than that of the Reguld, with roughly double the detection range and sensitivity. Weapons fit was nearly identical with the same main particle beam armament and chin mounted 22.3mm autocannons. Rather than anti-aircraft lasers on the back, the Regult mounted a second pair of 22.3mm autocannons with longer barrels. The longer barrels resulted in higher muzzle velocity and longer range than the anti-infantry-oriented chin guns. Though the Regult was roughly twice as effective as the Reguld, the later Battle Pod could be produced for about a tenth the unit price. This trade-off in capability for sheer numbers made good sense in an army where the pilots were callously looked upon as simply being biological weapons systems.

The Regult was issued as standard equipment to the mechanized troops of the Zentraedi Main Fleet, providing the race with a highly mobile and heavily armed infantry corps from 1528 until 1831, when it began to be replaced by the Reguld. Though the Regult was mostly superseded by the Reguld by the mid-1800s, examples did remain in use with the main fleet as late as the First Robotech War. Parts and spares continued to be produce, so those Regults that remained in the inventory continued to be combat effective. It is estimated that in 1999, as many as 3% of all Battle Pods in Main Fleet service were the vastly superior Regults. Due to the physical similarity of the two Pods, this was a fact that was not realized until well after the war. The Regult continues to be used in the Zentraedi Border Fleets, where it is estimated that it makes up as much as 40% of the overall Battle Pod force, not taking into account the newer Lotzor Battle Pods.

An interesting variant of the Regult was the Mistraekor Regult, so named for the sextuplet of Moldile Mistraekor-49 64mm triple-barreled rotary liquid-fueled, self-propelled low velocity impact cannons mounted on the torso. These were the same cannons that were later mounted in a pair on the chest of the Queadluun-Rau Aerospace Fighter Armor. The cannons fired rocket-assisted semi-active laser guided HESH-shells with an effective range of about two kilometers in an Earth-like environment. Ammunition supply was somewhat limited, with only 60 rounds per cannon. The ammunition magazines cut significantly into the internal volume of the Battle Pod, making it notoriously cramped and unpopular with its pilots. The Mistraekor Regult was also different in that it was powered by four Varredoush type 7 plasma-shock expansion engines in rotating mounts. This gave it a superior thrust to weight ratio over the standard Regult, but with an inferior Delta-V. The Mistraekor Regult was used as a shock-trooper, due to its massive speed and firepower but low endurance due to limited ammunition and reaction mass. Most of these have disappeared from service, though it is speculated that some remain in use with the Border Fleets.

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin; Mistraekor Regult by Harvey Neil Johnston.

Acknowledgement is extended to Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide. Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern are given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide that has been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Ectromelia Isıl’dak kimse (Searchlight) Automated Reconnaissance Drone

Ectromelia Isıl’dak kimse (UEDF Reporting Name: TQ-LR Mk II Searchlight) Automated Reconnaissance Drone

I. Dimensions:

  • Height: 3.6 m
  • Weight: 2600 kg

II. Type:

  • Manufacturer: Ectromelia 979972010th Weapons Factory
  • Unmanned surveillance/forward observer drone.

III. Service History:

  • Served with the Zentraedi Main fleet from 1902 until it was withdrawn from service in 1956.
  • Served with the Zentraedi Border Fleet from 1898 to present.
  • Served with the Tirolian Mercantile Empire Legion from 1898 until 2031.

IV. Propulsion:

  • 1 x Zorr’lev-4-DCr protoculture generator.

V. Performance:

  • Speed: 80km/h

VI. Electronics:

  • TQLR-SS Learning Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • TQLR-SS Identify Friend or Foe (IFF) computer database with a directory of 3800 known enemy objects.
  • TQLR-SS Laser Range Finder (LRF) and Designator.
  • TQLR-SS Encrypted communications suite with both wideband radio and line-of-sight secure laser
  • TQLR-SS High intensity, multi electromagnetic spectrum beam with a range of 3.2 km in an earth like atmosphere and 19.2 km in vacuum.
  • TQLR-SS Battlefield radar surveillance system. Can track 75 airborne or spaceborne targets to a range of 160 km, land targets out to 48 km.

VII. Armament:

  • None

VIII. Armor:

The body of the Searchlight is a low-mass titanium-steel alloy, similar in composition to that of the Reguld Tactical Battle Pod. The armor stops all small arms and heavy infantry weapons fire but provides only poor resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Zentraedi 22.3mm HE autocannon round, and virtually no resistance to medium mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Valkyrie’s 55mm APFSDS round.

IX. Development:

The Ectromelia Isıl’dak kimse, or “Searchlight” Drone in the reporting name parlance of the United Earth Defense Force (UEDF), was a ground based, multi-spectrum electromagnetic radiation (ER) surveillance drone used by the Robotech Masters. This drone mounted a very advanced long-range sensor suite, capable of search and tracking in the near to far fields of the ER spectrum. The drone could also illuminate targets in both IR and visible light spectrums. Originally intended for use by the Zentraedi main fleet, the Searchlight was withdrawn from frontline service and relegated to use by the Border Fleets and Tirolian Legion, for reasons which will be discussed below.

The Isıl’dak kimse was designed and built by the Ectromelia 979972010th Weapons Factory for use by the Zentraedi Main Fleet as an automated forward observer drone. Its purpose was to detect and designate targets for both ground-based artillery units such as the Serauhaug and Gluuhaug Reguld Tactical Artillery Pods, and for naval artillery fire from orbiting Zentraedi ships. The intent was for the Zentraedi fleet to have access to a small (under four meters tall versus the 15-meter-tall Reguld) spotter that could move around undetected to designate targets. The Searchlight ended up being a drone, not out of any concern that the Masters had for their disposable Zentraedi troops, but for the sake of being less detectable than a dismounted Zentraedi Infantryman who would still be at least ten meters tall.

The Searchlight consisted of a large sensor pod supported by two variable articulation legs. The unit could kneel, dropping its profile from 3.6 meters to just 1.9 meters tall. The sensor suite was state of the art. Central to the system was a Learning Artificial Intelligence (AI) computer, capable of full autonomous action and decision making. Though this was a weak AI by any measure, it was more than up to the task for which it was designed. The AI had access to a database with a directory of 3800 known enemy objects. Though it easily could have been updated with an expanded list of enemy combatants, this never seemed to be a priority for either the Robotech Masters or the Zentraedi. The suite included a laser range finder (LRF) and designator and a high intensity, multi electromagnetic spectrum beam with a range of 3.2 km in an earth like atmosphere and 19.2 km in vacuum. The battlefield radar could track 75 air or spaceborne targets to a range of 160 km and land targets out to 48 km, depending on conditions. The Searchlight’s communications suite was fully encrypted ultra-high frequency (UHF) and laser for secure line-of-sight communications.

The reason that the Searchlight was withdrawn from service with the Zentraedi Main Fleet had nothing to do with a lack of combat ineffectiveness, it was all down to price tag… and a lack of respect on the part of Zentraedi commanders for said price tag. Contrary to widespread belief, Zentraedi Officers were not completely callous to the lives of their men. While a Zentraedi Commander took no issue with sacrificing the lives of their soldiers to accomplish their mission, they would not do so if there was a better option. The Searchlight was this better option! Rather than send down a group of Zentraedi forward observers danger close to a target that was about to be on the receiving end of naval gun fire, commanders would simply saturate the area with Searchlight drones. These drones would designate targets for Zentraedi gunners to engage from orbit. This would of course result in the loss of some, if not all, of the drones, but who cares? The flotilla would simply restock at the next maintenance and regeneration rendezvous. The problem was the fact that one Searchlight cost four times as much to manufacture as one Del Reguld spaceborne/ground early warning and control (S/GEWAC) mecha with pilot. No amount of admonition could convince the average Zentraedi commander to abstain from this practice. In the end, the Searchlight was withdrawn from Zentraedi use after less than fifty years of service, a brief time indeed in a fleet where the operational life spans of weapons systems were measured in centuries, not years.

The Searchlight continued in use by the Zentraedi Border Fleets, whose Triumvirate Command Teams had both a greater respect for equipment cost and a lower respect for Zentraedi life, and with the Robotech Masters’ Tirolian Legion. In operational service with the Border fleet, Searchlights usually operated in pairs directed by a single Del Reguld S/GEWAC Pod or Quel Reguld Scout Pod. In Legion service, a single Searchlight would often augment a pair of T’sienramp Reconnaissance Bioroids.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising, Tatsunoko Studio and Ammonite studio. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Kogawa Tomonori, Hiroyuki Kitazume, Miyo Sonoda, Hiroshi Ogawa, Hirotoshi Ohkura and Takashi Ono

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2015 Tim Wing

 

 

2004-2011 Daihatsu Hijet

2004-2011 Daihatsu Hijet

by Tim Wing

The tenth generation of the Daihatsu Hijet kei car was introduced in December 2004. The tenth generation was only available in van form, with the trucks remaining the ninth generation cabover model until the Zentraedi Rain of Death. In Japan, the passenger car version of the Hijet is known as the “Daihatsu Atrai”, which is also powered by a 660 cc Turbo engine producing 64 PS (47 kW). The base model is mid-engined with rear-wheel drive, but four-wheel drive versions are also available. Available engines for 2006 included the EVT equipped battery powered electric version powered by lithium dry-cell batteries. The electric engines were a pair of 25 kW three-phase, four-pole AC motors powering the rear wheels. The Hijet sold well in Japan as well as in the few international markets where the type was available. Many were found on Macross Island at the Time of the launch ceremony of the UES Macross. Many of the electric versions of the Hijet which survived the fold incident continued to be used in the reconstructed Macross City inside the SDF-1.

  • Manufacturer: Daihatsu
  • Production: 2004-2011
  • Body and chassis
  • Class: kei truck
  • Body style: Van
  • Layout: mid-engine, rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive; all electric variants rear wheel drive

Powertrain

  • Engine: 660cc turbo charged four cycle engine; 2 x three-phase, four-pole AC motors
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual, 6-speed automatic; direct drive for EVT

Dimensions

  • Wheelbase: 1.82 m
  • Length: 3.2 m
  • Width: 1.4 m
  • Height: 2 m

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Citroën Runaround Classic light commercial vehicle  

Citroën Runaround Classic light commercial vehicle

by Tim Wing

 

In the years following the First Robotech War, French automobile manufacturer saw a market for a cheap and cheerful commercial vehicle for use in the cities and towns of the rebuilding planet. The Runabout Classic was a three-wheel commercial delivery vehicle. They were sized to qualify for Kei-Car registration class in Japan. Both gasoline and electric versions were available. The styling was meant to ape the old 2CV based AK 400 Fourgonette, exploiting humanity’s nostalgia for the pre-war era. The Runaround was a runaway success. The vehicle was in production from 2013 straight through till the Invid Invasion in 2033. It was sold in all markets, with manufacturing in France, Japan in the East Asia Quadrant, and Brazil. Due to their simplicity, reliability and ease of maintenance, the Runabout Classic continued to chug along through the occupation.

  • Vehicle Type: Truck.
  • Class: Civilian Cargo Vehicle.
  • Crew: One, plus one passenger.
  • Max Speed: 80 km/h

Statistical Data

  • Height: 1.8 meter
  • Length: 2.8 meter
  • Width: 1.5 meter
  • Weight: 695 kg
  • Cargo: 1.2×1 meter cargo bed capable of carrying 495 kg
  • Power System and Range: 450 amp brushless electric motor powered by an electric battery with a 240 km range per charge.


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. Genesis Climber MOSPEADA (R) is the property of Fuji Television, Artmic Studio and Tatsunoko Production. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Yoshitaka Amano, Shinji Aramaki and Hideki Kakinuma

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Fuji FA-408 Fan Liner gallery

Fuji FA-408 Fanliner

 

 

FA-408, registration number JA9045 (later 4U-KGER), owned by General Richard Hunter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Miyatake Kazutaka

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized in this publication. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

Fuji FA-408 Fan Liner

Fuji FA-408 Fanliner

by Tim Wing

Attachments:

  • Fan Liner reference file
  • Fan Liner gallery

The FA-408 Fanliner was a light civil aviation aircraft designed by Ikki Takemi of the aviation division of Fuji Heavy Industries. Primary production was at their Macross Island facility, starting on 2008. After the disastrous fold incident of the UES Macross, which resulted in the destruction of Macross City and subsequent rebuilding inside the bowls of the ship, the factory established a shop onboard the ship. This shop was occupied primarily with the war effort, building component parts for VF-1 Valkyries and other weapons systems. As a side project, however, the shop built a few FA-408s from parts and components salvaged from the old factory. As a promotional stunt, one of these completed Fanliners were given away as first place prize for the winner of the Miss Macross Contest. This FA-408 was eventually given to General Richard Hunter, who had an unspecified relationship with the pop idol Lynn Minmay. This particular FA-408 is the only known example still inexistence, and can be seen on display at the Monument City Heritage Aviation Museum.

  • Equipment Type: light fan jet liner
  • Designer: Ikki Takemi
  • Builder: Fuji Heavy Industries
  • Government: privately owned
  • Accommodation: two, pilot plus passenger
  • Power Plant: VA-18 hydro-turbine engine; output 500-600 hp
  • Propulsion: single-fan jet
  • Performance: maximum range 400-450 kilometers

 

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Miyatake Kazutaka

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized in this publication. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Atelier de Construction Roanne AMX-13 Recon Light Tank

Atelier de Construction Roanne AMX-13 Recon Light Tank

by Tim Wing

While it seems odd to be covering a tank designed right after World War II in a publication dedicated to the Robotech Era, it is not without good reason. The French AMX-13 Recon, built from 1953 to 1985, was procured in large numbers by a variety of overseas militaries. Significantly, many countries in South America operated these tanks. Due to the excellent mechanical reliability and underfunded weapons procurement budgets, many of these tanks were still in operation on this continent during the Global Civil War, the Unification War and the Malcontent Uprisings. Argentina, and its successor state the Merchant Republic, operated theirs all the way up to the Invid Invasion. These tanks, subsequently, saw use by freedom fighters throughout the occupation period. While the AMX-13 Recon was certainly outclassed by contemporary armored vehicles and mecha throughout these periods, they were seen on the battlefield nonetheless.

  • Type: Light tank
  • Place of origin: France

Production history

  • Designer: Atelier de Construction d’Issy-les-Moulineaux
  • Designed: 1946
  • Manufacturer: Atelier de Construction Roanne
  • Produced: 1952–1987
  • No. built: 7,700 (Total)

Specifications

  • Weight: 13.7 t empty, 14.5 t combat
  • Length: 6.36 m with gun, 4.88 m hull
  • Width: 2.51 m
  • Height: 2.35 m
  • Crew: 3 (Commander, gunner and driver)
  • Armor: 10–40 mm

Main armament

  • 1 x Canon CN 105/57 105 mm with 32 Rounds, 12 ready to fire

Secondary armament

  • 1 × 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun with 3,600 Rounds
  • 1 × 7.62 mm AA machine gun (optional)
  • 2 × 2 smoke grenade dischargers

Performance

  • Operational range: 400 km
  • Speed: 60 km/h (37 mph)

 

The AMX-13 was a French light tank produced from 1953 to 1985. It served with the French Army, as the Char 13t-75 Modèle 51, and was exported to more than 25 other nations. Named after its initial weight of 13 tons, and featuring a tough and reliable chassis, it was fitted with an oscillating turret built by GIAT Industries with revolver type magazines, which were also used on the Austrian SK-105 Kürassier.

The AMX-13 was designed at the Atelier de Construction d’Issy-les-Moulineaux (AMX) in 1946 to meet a requirement for an air-portable vehicle to support paratroopers. The first prototype ran from 1948. The compact chassis had torsion bar suspension with five road-wheels and two return rollers; the engine runs the length of the tank on the right side, with the driver on the left. It features an uncommon two-part oscillating turret, where the gun is fixed to the turret and the entire upper turret changes elevation. The turret is set to the rear of the vehicle and holds the commander and gunner. The original 75 mm gun was replaced first by a 90mm gun, then finally by a Canon CN 105/57 105mm gun in its final iteration. The late model AMX-13/105’s upgrades included a new diesel engine, fully automatic transmission and new hydropneumatic suspension were introduced.

The AMX-13/105’s antiquated cast steel armor was no match for modern weapons systems. With a maximum thickness of only 40mm, the front slope provided protection up to 23mm Zentraedi Autocannon only. It provided poor protection against 55mm and up. The tank was especially vulnerable to HEAT rounds, though this was mitigated somewhat by the addition of Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) in Merchant Republic service. These ERA plates only protected the front and sides however. During the Invid Occupation, this was exploited by Invid forces who could easily attack the vulnerable 10mm thick armor on the upper surfaces of the tank.

The AMX-13/105 main gun was not a weakness. It was capable of using a full range of modern 105mm ammunition, to include Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot (APFSDS) and High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT). Combined with a rudimentary, but effective, fire control system featuring a Laser Range Finder (LRF), day and night sights with Infrared (IR) detection and a fire control computer, The AMX-13/105 was more than capable of destroying any mecha on the battlefield. This included Reguld Battle Pods, Destroids and Battloids of the UN Spacy and United Earth Defense Forces (UEDF) and all Invid mecha (though it must be pointed out that airborne mecha such as those used by the Invid were extremely hard to hit due to slow engagement times inherent in a conventional tank main gun design).

While the AMX-13 tank was phased out of service with the French Army in the 1980s, over 3,400 examples were exported to other countries. The AMX-13 saw battle during the Suez Crisis, the Algerian War, the Dominican Civil War, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Lebanese Civil War and both the Six Day War and Yom Kippur War. The AMX-13 took part in no significant actions during the Global Civil War (GCW) or Unification War. After the end of the First Robotech War, the sole remaining operators were Argentina with 58 AMX-13/75s, Ecuador with 108 AMX-13/105s, Indonesia with 175 AMX-13/75s, Peru with 30 AMX-13/75s and 78 AMX-13/105s and Venezuela with 36 AMX-13/75s and 31 AMX-13/90s. Though the AMX-13s in Indonesian service were retired by 2015, those in South America saw heavy use during the Malcontent Uprisings.

The national militaries of Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela operated their tanks under the command of the UN Spacy throughout the Zentraedi Control Zone. In this theatre of operation, the AMX-13’s qualities of reliability and fire-power enabled it to contribute to the fight. When used within the constraints of the types strengths and weaknesses, the AMX-13 proved to be reasonably effective. Used in the defensive role, the AMX-13 could effectively engage Battle Pods and Zentraedi Infantry effectively from dug in battle positions. In the hull down position, the AMX-13’s high mounted main gun could see over the berm while exposing very little of the tank’s turret. From this position, it could effectively engage enemy targets while exposing a very small target to return fire. When operating in pairs, AMX-13 teams were able to mitigate the slow reload times of their 12 round rotary magazines. One AMX-13 would provide covering fire while the other tank would back down to its reserve position so that the crew could dismount and reload. When used on the attack, the AMX-13’s weaknesses were quickly exposed: literally, any adversary mecha on the battlefield could kill it with one shot.

After the United Earth Government consolidated all member state militaries under the command of the United Earth Defense Force, all AMX-13s were divested of in favor of newer types such as the M-21 Anaconda. Argentina happily purchased every single AMX-13 on offer and added them to their parade of antiques. In Argentine service, all were upgraded to AMX-13/105 standard. These upgrades were carried out by Fábrica Argentina de Aviones with assistance from Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. Upgrades included a low pressure 105mm gun based on the British L7 tank gun, a Soviet source fire control system and ERA blocks on the front and sides of the turret. None of these tanks saw battle in Argentine, and later Merchant Republic, service apart from yet another failed attempt to invade the Falkland’s. During this brief action, all twenty of the AMX-13/105s involved in the amphibious assault were destroyed on the beach by four UEDF CBH-4 Salamanders, who suffered only one loss in return. During the early years of the Invid Occupation, former Merchant Republic AMX-13s were used by local freedom fighters. However, the type was ill suited to guerilla warfare against the Invid, and it is estimated that by 2036 all had either been destroyed or abandoned.


 

Bibliography

  • Wikipedia (English): AMX-13

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Artwork – Graphic Training Aid 17-2-13 CH. 1 Armored Vehicle Recognition

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II Close Air Support Aircraft

Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II Close Air Support Aircraft

by Tim Wing

Attachments:

Designation: A-10 Thunderbolt II Close Air Support Aircraft

I. Dimensions:

  • Length: 16.26 m
  • Wingspan: 17.53 m
  • Height: 4.47 m
  • Wing area: 47.0 m²
  • Airfoil: NACA 6716 root, NACA 6713 tip
  • Empty weight: 11,321 kg
  • Loaded weight: 13,782 kg
  • CAS mission: 21,361 kg
  • Anti-mecha mission: 19,083 kg

II. Type:

  • YA-10A: Pre-production variant. 12 were built.
  • A-10A: Single-seat close air support, ground-attack production version.
  • OA-10A: A-10As used for airborne forward air control.
  • YA-10B Night/Adverse Weather (N/AW): Two-seat experimental prototype, for work at night and in severe weather. The one YA-10B prototype was converted from an A-10A.
  • A-10C: A-10As updated under the incremental Precision Engagement (PE) program.
  • A-10D: New build (circa 2005) single-seat close air support, ground-attack aircraft utilizing technology improvements gained from the ASS-1 (SDF-1).

III. Service History:

  • A-10A: Served with the US Air Force from 1977 until upgraded to A-10C specification.
  • OA-10A: Served with the US Army from 1992 until 2011.
  • A-10C: Served with the US Air Force from 1992 until replaced by the A-10D.
  • A-10D: Served with the US Air Force from 2007 until 2017, with the UN Spacy from 2005 until 2017, and with the United Earth Defense Force (UEDF) Tactical Air Force (TAF) from 2018 until 2028.

IV. Propulsion:

(A, and C variants)

  • 2 × General Electric TF34-GE-100A turbofans, 40.32 kN each.

(D variant)

  • 2 × General Electric TF34-GE-400A turbofans, 45 kN each.

Fuel Capacity:

  • 4,900 kg internal fuel capacity

V. Performance (A-10D):

  • Max. takeoff weight: 26,880 kg
  • Never exceed speed: 833 km/h at 1,500 m with 18 Mk 82 bombs
  • Maximum speed: 789 km/h at sea level, clean
  • Cruise speed: 627 km/h
  • Stall speed: 220 km/h
  • Combat radius: CAS mission: 515 km at 1.88 hour loiter 1,500 m, 10 min combat
  • Ferry range: 4,650 km with 90 km/h headwinds, 20 minutes reserve
  • Service ceiling: 13,700 m
  • Rate of climb: 34 m/s
  • Wing loading: 482 kg/m²
  • Thrust/weight: 0.40

VI. Electronics:

(A-10C)

  • AN/AAS-35(V) Pave Penny laser tracker pod (mounted beneath right side of cockpit) for use with Paveway LGBs.

Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

  • Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)
  • Chaff dispenser
  • Flares

(A-10D)

  • Thomson LT-3 multi-frequency laser ranger/designator
  • Zeiss FOI-8 infra-red imaging sensor and low-light level camera system in retractable optic ball-turret in front of the cockpit canopy.

Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

  • Elettronica Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)
  • OlDelft Infra-red Warning Receiver (IRWR)
  • Westinghouse ALQ-200 active radar jammer
  • Chaff dispenser
  • Flares
  • Active missile jammers.

VII. Armament:

Cannon:

(A-10C)

  • 1 × 30 mm General Electric GAU-8/A Avenger rotary cannon; has a 1,350-round capacity. Cannon fires PGU-14/B API Armor Piercing Incendiary (DU) and PGU-13/B HEI High explosive incendiary at 3,900 rounds/minute.

    Illustration of the GAU-8, overlaying a Volkswagen Beetle to demonstrate size.

(A-10D)

  • 1 x Hughes GU-11 55mm three barreled smoothbore rotary cannon; has a 560-round capacity. Cannon fires APFSDS (Armor Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot) and HESH-I (High Explosive Squash Head-Incendiary) rounds at 1200 rounds/minute.

Hardpoints:

  • Hardpoints: 11 (8 × under-wing and 3 × under-fuselage pylon stations) with a capacity of 7,260 kg and provisions to carry combinations of:

Rockets (per hard point):

  • 4 × LAU-61/LAU-68 rocket pods (each with 19 or 7 Hydra 70 mm APKWS rockets, respectively)
  • 4 × LAU-5003 rocket pods (each with 19 CRV7 70 mm rockets)
  • 6 × LAU-10 rocket pods (each with 4 127 mm Zuni rockets)

Missiles (per hard point):

  • 1 × AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles for self-defense
  • or 3 x medium range (65 km) Mach 3.0 combined active radar and thermal imager guided AMM-1 Arrow missiles on a specialized MER (Multiple Ejection Rack). Various warhead options.
  • or 1 x Firebird missiles. A conventional warhead mounted on the frame of a RMS missile with a range of 234 km and a speed of Mach 6.5, guided by a combined IIR and active/passive radar seeker.
  • or 1 x RMS-1 “Angel Of Death” Nuclear Stand-off missiles. Reaction warhead (200 kT) mounted on a long range (250 km) Mach 4.0 combined multi-spectrum imager and active radar homing Reflex missiles. Customized for anti-starship operations. Maximum delta-v in space is 4 kps. RMS-1
  • or 1 x Silencer Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM).
  • or 3 x Alarm anti-radiation missiles. Mounted to a MER.
  • or 3 x AGM-65R Maverick air-to-ground missiles. Mounted to a MER.
  • or 1 x UMM-7; Armored container with 15 short range (2.5 kps in space) infra-red imager passive radar homing HMM-01 120mm Starburst missiles (from 2014 onward).
  • or 1 x UMM-9; Armored container with 10 short range (8 km) Mach 3.0 combined infra-red imager and active radar homing 190mm Hammerhead missiles, firing from five tubes. Various warhead options (from 2017 onward).

Bombs (per hard point):

  • 3 x Mk 80 series of unguided iron bombs. Mounted to a MER.
  • or 3 x Mk 77 incendiary bombs. Mounted to a MER.
  • or 5 x Mk-82LDGP 230kg bombs; various fuse options, laser-guided. Mounted to a MER.
  • or various legacy weapons systems such as BLU-1, BLU-27/B Rockeye II, Mk20, BL755 and CBU-52/58/71/87/89/97 cluster bombs, Paveway series of Laser-guided bombs or Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser.

Other (per hard point):

  • 1 x SUU-42A/A Flares/Infrared decoys and chaff dispenser pod
  • or 1 x AN/ALQ-131 or AN/ALQ-184 ECM pods
  • or 1 x Lockheed Martin Sniper XR or LITENING targeting pods (A-10C) or
  • or 1 × 2,300 L Sergeant Fletcher drop tanks for increased range/loitering time.

VIII. Armor:

The airframe and armor of the A-10D was composed of advanced titanium-steel alloys developed after the arrival of the ASS-1 (SDF-1). Commonly referred to as “Space-metal”, this alloy was used extensively in the airframe construction rather than the aircraft grade aluminum of the earlier A-10A. The armor stops all small arms fire, provides excellent protection against heavier infantry weapons, such as a 12.7mm machinegun round, and good resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Zentraedi 22.3mm HE autocannon round. The resistance against heavier weapons is markedly reduced, however.

Survivability trials were carried out on an early A-10A. While no similar test was carried out on the A-10D, it is estimated that the results would have improved by a factor of four.

The A-10D provides full protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, using an overpressure cockpit environment activated by radiation and hazardous chemical sensors, or manually when biological warfare conditions are anticipated.

IX. Development:

The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, after the VF-1 Valkyrie, was perhaps the most loved aircraft by ground troops of the UN Spacy and the UEDF. Originally developed in the late seventies as a replacement for the A-7 Corsair II and A-1 Skyraider, the A-10 was arguably the best close air support aircraft of its time. Due to the robustness of its design, it found itself in production a second time almost thirty years after its introduction. Named after the P-47 Thunderbolt of WWII fame, the Thunderbolt II was more commonly known by its nickname “Warthog” in NATO, UN Spacy and UEDF circles. Amongst the troops of the Soviet Union, the A-10 was almost universally referred as the “Devil’s Cross” owing to its resemblance to an upside-down Eastern Orthodox cross.

In the mid 2000’s, the UN Spacy was seeking a close air support aircraft for the low-intensity conflicts associated with the Unification War. The obvious choice was the venerable A-10. This was ironic, as at this time it was on its way to retirement by its sole operator: The United States Air Force. The Air Force had long wanted to retire the A-10, due to the perception that it was too slow and too low tech to survive on the modern combined arms battlefield. An earlier attempt to retire the A-10 in the 1980s had resulted in the US Army acquiring and operating the A-10A under the designation OA-10A. This created a huge intra-service fight over the rights of the US Army to operate high-performance fixed wing combat aircraft. In the end, the US Army was only allowed to acquire the 200 some airframes retired by the US Air Force. Later, the US Air Force upgraded the Warthog to A-10C standard rather than retire the A-10A and allow it to fall into the hands of the hated US Army. The Army, for its part, continued to operate its 200 OA-10As right up to the point where their wings were ready to fall off.

The A-10D introduced a host of upgrades. As the A-10 had been out of production for some time, a brand-new production line had to be set up. Indeed, this unexpected windfall saved Fairchild Republic from impending insolvency. The new airframe was produced with a host of brand new tooling and jigs. This was partly due to the original tooling have been scrapped long ago, and the need for new tooling to deal with production of an aircraft using the advance “Space-metal” alloys created after the arrival of the SDF-1. The use of these materials resulted in an aircraft that was over twice as survivable as the already famously durable A-10C. Mildly upgraded engines were introduced, resulting in a modest improvement in speed and range. The standard UN Spacy avionics suite was included, a massive upgrade over the A-10C’s avionics suite, which was underwhelming even at its introduction. While the avionics upgrade was the most meaningful change, the upgrade that received the most attention by air-fans and troops alike was the introduction of the Hughes GU-11 55mm rotary cannon then being developed for the Valkyrie project in place of the original’s GAU-8 Avenger. In the early 2020s a fusion turbine powered A-10F (for fusion, of course) was proposed by Fairchild Republic, but nothing came of it.

The A-10D was produced from late 2005 through 2016. Almost continuous production was made possible through the miraculous survival of “The Jamaica” manufacturing facility in New York state. By the end of its production run, nearly 500 new aircraft had been built. The A-10D served in both the UN Spacy and the US Air Force until 2017 when both organizations were consolidated under the United Earth Defense Force (UEDF). The A-10D fought in the Unification War and during the Malcontent Uprisings. It was during the Malcontent Uprising that the A-10D most distinguished itself. Its traditional strengths of loiter time and toughness made it an effective platform for the war in the Amazon’s Zentraedi Control Zone. The A-10 was finally retired after a half century of service when it was replaced by the AA-1 Tivar II and AH/R-15 Phantom III. By 2028 all A-10 Warthogs had been withdrawn from service for good.


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Kaoru Shintani.

Sources: Wikipedia, Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft,

Illustrations: Area 88, FM 44-30 October 1986 Visual Aircraft Recognition,  

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing

 

 

Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II gallery

Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II gallery

 

Fairchild Republic A-10D Thunderbolt II on display at the UES Macross Launch Ceremony.


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing