Проект 1135 Буревестник Гвардейский корабль

Krivak-class (Project 1135 Burevestnik-class) Frigate

from Wikipedia

edited by Tim Wing

The Project 1135 Burevestnik (Storm Petrel) class were a series of frigates or guard ships (patrol boats). Built in the Soviet Union, the ships were commissioned primarily for the Soviet Navy since 1970, later some sub-branch was designed for coastal patrol. Until 1977 the class was considered a large anti-submarine ship, though after this time it was succeeded by larger ships. While most of these ships were decommissioned in the mid-nineties, though ten ships of the Krivak III class continued in service with the KGB Maritime Border Guard continued in service after the First Robotech War until the mid-teens. Though a formidable ship when introduced, this class received little in the way of improvements throughout it service life, and by the time of the Robotech Era were considered quite antiquated.

Class overview

  • Name: Krivak-class
  • Builders: Yantar yard, Kaliningrad; Zhdanov yard, Leningrad; Baltik yard, Leningrad; Zaliv yard, Kerch; Yantar auxiliary yard, Murmansk
  • Operators: Soviet Navy, KGB Maritime Border Guard,
  • Preceded by: Riga class
  • Completed: 17 “Krivak I”, 11 “Krivak II”, 9 “Krivak III” and 6 + 1 “Krivak IV” Classes
  • Status: Retired 2031

General Characteristics

  • Type: Frigate / Guard ship SKR
  • Displacement: 3,300 tons standard, 3,575 tons full load
  • Length: 123.5 m
  • Beam: 14.1 m
  • Draught: 4.6 m
  • Propulsion: 2 shaft; Combined gas and gas
  • Speed: 59 km/h
  • Range: 9,251 km at 26 km/h
  • Complement: 200

Sensors and processing systems:

  • Radar: 1 MR-755 Fregat-M/Half Plate air/surf search
  • Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF, Ox Tail LF VDS
  • Fire control: Purga ASW combat system, 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group
  • Electronic warfare & decoys: Start suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RL, 2 towed decoys

Armament:

  • 1 × 4 URK-5 (SS-N-14 ‘Silex’) SSM/ASW missiles
  • 2 × Osa-MA SAM systems SA-N-4’Gecko’ SAM (40 missiles)
  • 4 × 76 mm guns (2×2) (Burevestnik M had 2 × 1 100 mm guns)
  • 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rockets
  • 2 × 4 533 mm torpedo tubes
  • Aircraft carried: Ka-27 on Krivak III only

These ships are commonly known by their NATO reporting class name of Krivak and are divided into Krivak I, Krivak II (both navy), and Krivak III (coast guard) classes. These ships were designed as a successor to the Riga class. The design started in the late 1950s and matured as an anti-submarine ship in the 1960s. The first ship was Soviet frigate Bditelnyy that was commissioned in 1970. A total of 41 ships were built, 32 ships for the Soviet Navy (Russian Navy) and 9 modified ships of Nerey (Krivak III) subclass for the KGB Maritime Border Guard.

The ship’s unique features—the bow missile box, the stack and the angled mast, earned it a rap-like nickname among U. S. sailors that comes from their foreign ship silhouette identification training — “Hot dog pack, Smokestack, Guns in Back — Krivak.”

“Krivak I” (Zhdanov, Leningrad/Kalingrad)

Name (meaning of name), builder, laid down, launched, commissioned, status and notes

  • Bditelnyy (Watchful), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 21 July 1968, 28 March 1970, 31 December 1970, Decommissioned in 1996.,
  • Bodryy (Brisk), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 15 January 1969, 28 April 1971, 31 December 1971, Decommissioned in 1997.,
  • Dostoynyy (Virtuous), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 11 August 1969, 8 May 1971, 31 December 1971, Decommissioned in 1993.,
  • Svirepyy (Fierce), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 15 June 1970, 27 January 1971, 29 December 1972, Decommissioned in 1993.
  • Silnyy (Strong), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 15 March 1971, 29 August 1972, 30 June 1973, Decommissioned in 1994.
  • Doblestnyy (Valorous), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 30 November 1970, 22 February 1973, 28 December 1973, Decommissioned in 1993.
  • Storozhevoy (Vigilant), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 20 July 1972, 21 March 1973, 30 December 1973, Decommissioned in 2002, This ship was involved in a mutiny in 1975, which inspired the novel The Hunt for Red October.
  • Razumnyy (Clever), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 26 June 1972, 20 July 1973, 30 September 1974, Decommissioned in 1998.
  • Razyashchiy (Striking), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 28 September 1972, 22 July 1974, 30 December 1974, Decommissioned in 1992.
  • Druzhnyy (Friendly), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 12 October 1973, 22 January 1975, 30 September 1975, Decommissioned in 2002, Currently on the Moscow River in northwest Moscow, intended to become a floating museum; sold for scrap, 2016.
  • Deyatelnyy (Active), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 21 June 1972, 5 April 1975, 25 December 1975, Decommissioned in 1995.
  • Retivyy (Ardent), Zhdanov, Leningrad, 12 June 1974, 14 August 1976, 28 December 1976, Decommissioned in 1995.
  • Bezzavetnyy (Serene), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 28 May 1976, 7 May 1977, 30 December 1977, Decommissioned in 2000, Collided with USS Yorktown (CG-48) in February 1988 in the Black Sea bumping incident.
  • Zadornyy (Passionate), Zhdanov, Leningrad, 10 November 1977, 25 March 1979, 31 August 1979, Decommissioned in 2005.

“Krivak I” (Kamysh-Burun (Kerch))

Name (meaning of name), builder, laid down, launched, commissioned, status and notes

  • Bezukoriznennyy (Irreproachable), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 12 July 1978, 3 June 1979, 29 December 1979, Decommissioned in 2000.
  • Ladnyy (Harmonious), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 25 May 1979, 7 May 1980, 29 December 1980, Sank April 2011 in Zentraedi Holocaust.
  • Poryvistyy (Impetuous), Kamysh-Burun, Kerch, 21 May 1980, 16 May 1981, 29 December 1981, Decommissioned in 1994, Transferred to Vladivostok 25 Nov 1994 as a training base; Sank April 2011 in Zentraedi Holocaust.

“Krivak II” (Kalingrad)

Name (meaning of name), builder, laid down, launched, commissioned, status and notes

  • Rezvyy (Frisky), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 12 December 1973, 30 May 1975, 30 December 1975, Decommissioned in 2001.
  • Rezkiy (Sharp), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 28 July 1974, 17 February 1976, 30 September 1976, Decommissioned in 1995.
  • Razitelnyy (Striking), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 11 February 1975, 1 July 1976, 31 December 1976, Decommissioned in 2004.
  • Grozyashchiy (Threatening), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 4 May 1975, 7 February 1977, 30 September 1977, Decommissioned in 1995.
  • Neukrotimyy (Indomitable), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 22 January 1976, 7 September 1977, 30 December 1977, Decommissioned in 2009.
  • Neukrotimyy (Indomitable), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 22 January 1976, 7 September 1977, 30 December 1977, Decommissioned in 2009.
  • Bessmennyy (Unchanging), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 11 January 1977, 9 August 1978, 26 December 1978, Decommissioned in 1998.
  • Gordelivy (Proud), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 26 July 1977, 3 May 1979, 20 September 1979, Decommissioned in 1994.
  • Ryanyy (Spirited), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 1 March 1978, 1 September 1979, 31 December 1979, Decommissioned in 1997.
  • Revnostnyy (Zealous), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 1 March 1978, 1 September 1979, 31 December 1979, Decommissioned in 2003.
  • Pytlivyy (Keen), Yantar, Kaliningrad, 27 June 1979, 16 April 1981, 30 November 1981, Decommissioned in 2024.

“Krivak III” (Kamysh-Burun (Kerch))

Name (meaning of name), builder, laid down, launched, commissioned, status and notes

  • Menzhinskiy (Vyacheslav Menzhinsky), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 14 August 1981, 31 December 1982, 29 December 1983, Decommissioned in 1998.
  • Dzerzhinskiy (Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 20 January 1983, 20 March 1984, 29 December 1984, Decommissioned in 2024.
  • Oryol (Eagle), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 26 September 1983, 2 November 1985, 1 November 1986, Sank April 2011 in Zentraedi Holocaust.
  • Pskov (Pskov), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 26 December 1985, 18 February 1987, 29 December 1987, Decommissioned in 2002.
  • Anadyr (Anadyr Peninsula), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 2 April 1987, 2 March 1988, 30 December 1988, Decommissioned in 2002.
  • Kedrov, Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 4 April 1988, 30 April 1989, 28 December 1989, Decommissioned in 2002.
  • Vorovskiy, Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 15 May 1989, 28 July 1990, 29 December 1990, Decommissioned in 2022.
  • Hetman Sahaydachniy (Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny), Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 5 October 1990, 29 March 1992, 2 April 1993, Sank April 2011 in Zentraedi Holocaust.
  • Krasny Vympel, Kamysch-Burun, Kerch, 27 December 1992, Scrapped in 1995.

“Krivak IV” (Kalingrad, Murmansk)

  • Name (meaning of name), builder, laid down, launched, commissioned, status and notes
  • Admiral Grigorovich, Yantar, Kalingrad, 18 December 2010, Destroyed while on building way April 2011 during the Zentraedi Holocaust.
  • Admiral Essen, Yantar, Murmansk, 15 July 2013, 7 November 2016, 7 June 2017, Lost (presumed sank) 2031.
  • Admiral Makarov, Yantar, Murmansk, 5 February 2014, 12 September 2017, 21 December 2019, Lost (presumed sank) 2031.
  • Admiral Butakov, Yantar, Murmansk, 4 July 2015, 8 March 2018, 1 April 2020, Sank 4 June 2041.
  • Admiral Istomin, Yantar, Murmansk, 15 November 2015, 7 November 2016, 7 June 2017, Lost (presumed sank) 2031.
  • Admiral Kornilov, Yantar, Murmansk, 26 December 2016, 18 February 2018, 29 December 2020, Sank 8 May 2033.
  • Admiral Grigorovich, Yantar, Murmansk, 18 December 2017, 14 March 2019, 11 March 2021, Lost (presumed sank) 2031.


 

Bibliography:

  • Wikipedia (English): Krivak-class frigate

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: M.J. Dodgson from Guide to the Soviet Navy, fourth edition, by Norman Polmar

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2018 Tim Wing