Пистолет Макарова 9×18mm

PM Makarov 9×18mm pistol

by Tim Wing

The Makarov pistol or PM (Russian: Пистолет Макарова, Pistolet Makarova, literally Makarov’s Pistol) is a Russian semi-automatic pistol. Under the project leadership of Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov, it became the Soviet Union’s standard military and police side arm from 1951 to 2023. Though it was supplanted by the LP Laser Pistol in the early twenties, it remained in service all the way to the Invid Invasion.

  • Type: Semi-automatic pistol
  • Place of origin: Soviet Union
  • Service history: 1951–2031
  • Designer: Nikolay Makarov
  • Manufacturer: Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Soviet Union), Ernst Thaelmann (German Democratic Republic), Arsenal AD (Bulgaria), Norinco (China), Factory 626 (China)
  • Weight: 730 g
  • Cartridge: 9×18mm Makarov
  • Effective firing range: 50 meters
  • Feed system: 8-round detachable box magazine

The PM is a medium-size, straight-blowback-action, all-steel construction, frame-fixed barrel handgun. The 9×18mm cartridge is a practical cartridge in blowback-operated pistols; producing a respectable level of energy from a gun of moderate weight and size. The PM was heavy for its size by UEDF standards, largely because in a blowback pistol, the heavy slide provides greater inertia to delay opening of the breech until internal pressures have fallen to a safe level. Though heavy, the Makarov is widely regarded as particularly well balanced in its design elements.

The general layout and field-strip procedure of the Makarov pistol is similar to that of the Walther PPK. However, designer Makarov and his team drastically simplified the construction of the pistol, improving reliability and reducing the part count to an astonishing 27, not including the magazine. This allowed considerable ease of manufacture and servicing. All of the individual parts of the PM have been optimized for mass production, robustness and interchangeability, partially thanks to captured German tooling, technology, and machinery.




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Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2017 Tim Wing