Vickers-Chrysler / Mytishchi Engineering Works ADR-1 (Roman) Anti-Air Robot
by Tim Wing
- ADR-04 Defender technical file
- ADR-1 Roman reference file
- ADR-1 Roman gallery
Though it is not widely known, several mecha commonly associated with the UN Spacy, and later the United Earth Defense Force (UEDF), were also operated by the Soviet military. During the salad days of the early unification period, East-West relations were far better than they had ever been before, or subsequently. As a full-fledged member of the United Nations of Earth Government, the Soviet Union had full rights to purchase any weapons systems available to the UN Spacy. Despite the strenuous objections of the United States and other Western nations, who were chiefly concerned about the Soviet Union using these examples to reverse engineer their own copies, the Soviet Union purchased several weapons systems prior to the battle with Dolza’s Armada. After the first Robotech War, additional examples of various weapons systems were delivered before relations between the newly formed United Earth Government and the Eastern Block of Soviet Independent States broke down.
The ADR-04 Defender was one of the three Destroid types purchased by the Soviet Union during the prewar period. The ADR in the Russian designation stood for Antivozdushnyy Robot (anti-air robot). Roman was the reporting name given to the type by the UEDF. Around 120 were delivered, of which only a few survived the Zentraedi Rain of Death. The few surviving examples were recommissioned after the war. It is unclear how many were still in service by the time of the Invid Invasion. Most analysts think that the type was completely withdrawn from Soviet service in the late twenties, though it is possible that they were all transferred to the Soviet Surface Navy and converted into ship-board anti-aircraft turrets.
ADR-1: Of the surviving ADR-1 Romans, six were the standard ADR-04 Defenders, as purchased from Chrysler-Vickers.
ADR-1-X: These still had the Rheinmetall Type PFG-966 78mm caseless autocannons, but the radar unit was replaced with one of Soviet origin. This radar had only around half the range and targeting capabilities. Three of these types existed.
ADR-1 Type II: Nine were rebuilt with reconditioned bodies, and with replacement arms which launched SA-7M, short range anti-aircraft type missiles. Each launcher had a payload of 24, for a total of 48 missiles. These Romans retained the excellent Thomson PA-3 long range pulse Doppler phased array air search radar.
ADR-1 Type II-X: 20 were rebuilt with the same SA-7M Weapons fit as the Type II, but with a locally produced replacement radar. This radar replacement unit had only half the range and targeting capabilities. No other sensors were installed except for Infrared and Ultraviolet imaging for the pilot. 10 of the Type II-X units were stationed on the lapetus (the Soviet Navy’s one Prometheus-class air craft carrier).
ADR-1 Type III: The final fifteen to be rebuilt from spares and captured parts were of the same spec as the earlier Type II-X, but added two Omsk Works 57mm AK-747-3 naval anti-aircraft cannons. Eventually, as the lack of spare parts took its toll on the PFG-966 cannons and Thompson radar, all other variants were “upgraded” to this standard.
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Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin
Content by Tim Wing
Copyright © 2017 Tim Wing