БМ-27 Ураган Несколько Ракетомет

BM-27 1

BM-27 Uragan Multiple Rocket Launcher

from: Wikipedia

edited by: Tim Wing

The BM-27 Uragan (Russian: Ураган, “hurricane”; GRAU index 9P140) was a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher system designed in the Soviet Union. It began its service with the Soviet Army in the late 1970s, and was its first modern spin and fin stabilized heavy multiple rocket launcher.

 

General Characteristics

  • Type: Multiple rocket launcher
  • Place of origin: Soviet Union
  • In service: 1975 – 2031
  • Primary users: EBSIS
  • Wars: Soviet War in Afghanistan, Global Civil War, Unification War, Malcontent Uprisings, Palestine Conflict, Second Global Civil War
  • Designer: Splav State Research and Production Enterprise
  • Produced: 1975-2011, 2013-2020

Specifications

  • Weight, combat: 20 tons
  • Crew: 6

Design

The BM-27 Uragan was capable of launching 220 mm rockets from 16 launch tubes mounted on the rear of a ZIL-135 8×8 chassis. This vehicle was similar to that used in the FROG-7 free flight rocket system. It had two engines that powered its 20 tonnes to a maximum speed of 65 kilometers per hour. One engine drove the four wheels on the left of the truck, while the other engine drove the wheels on the right. The ZIL-135 had eight wheel drive, but only the front and rear axles were used for steering. It had a maximum cruising range of 500 kilometers.

 

Mobility

Two engines, with separate gearboxes and propeller shafts, that are longitudinally mounted, one on each side of vehicle immediately behind cab.

Ground Propulsion

  • Suspension: 8×8 wheeled

Ground Performance

  • Road speed: 65 km/h
  • Operational range: 500 km

 

Countermeasures

The cab of the ZIL-135 was NBC protected, allowing the rockets to be fired without exposing the crew to possible contaminants. The four-man crew could emplace or displace the system in three minutes.

 

BM-27 3
Armament

The BM-27 could use HE-FRAG, chemical, ICM or scatterable mine (PTM-3 or PFM-1) submunition equipped rockets, all of which were detonated by electric timing fuses. Each rocket weighed 280.4 kilograms. The warheads weighed between 90 and 100 kilograms, depending on type. A full salvo of 16 rockets could be fired in 20 seconds and could engage targets within a range of 35 kilometers.

Because of the size of the warhead, the range of the rocket and the speed that a salvo could be delivered, the BM-27 was very effective at mine laying. Each 220 mm rocket could scatter 312 anti-personnel PFM-1 mines. Minefields could be laid behind a retreating enemy or even be used to trap an enemy by encircling them. Tactics such as these were often used by the Soviets in Afghanistan.

Once the rockets have been fired, 9T452 (another ZIL-135 based vehicle) was used to assist in reloading. It carried additional rockets and a crane to transfer the rockets from the reloading vehicle to the launcher. The entire reloading procedure took around 20 minutes.

Before firing, stabilizing jacks must be lowered and the blast shield raised to protect the cab and its occupants.

  • BM-27 2Calibers: 220mm
  • Range: 35 km
  • Ammunition supply: 16

 

Fire Control System

Indirect fire aiming is achieved with the use of a PG-1 panoramic telescope. Although there are no night vision sights, the driver of the launch vehicle is equipped with a night vision device.

  • Designation: PG-1 panoramic telescope

 

Operators

Afghanistan, Guinea, Iran, Myanmar, Soviet Union, Syria, Tanzania, Vietnam, Yemen

 


 

 

Bibliography

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Unknown

 

Content by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2015 Tim Wing

 

 

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