Antonov An-71 (Madcap) Airborne Early Warning and Control (AWACS) Aircraft
by Tim Wing
The Antonov An-71 (UEDF reporting name: Madcap) was a Soviet airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft used by the Soviet Frontal Aviation and Soviet Navy. Its design was based on An-72, with a completely redesigned rear fuselage supporting the rotodome of the radar atop the broad chord forward swept fin. The cargo hold held the electronic equipment and six operators’ stations. Due to issues with its Vega-M Kvant radar, its entry into service was delayed until the mid-nineties.
Contrary to popular belief, the An-71 was never meant to serve on Soviet aircraft carriers. It was operated by the Soviet Navy, but only from land bases. The carrier AWACS role was fulfilled by the Yak-44.
- Role: AWACS
- Manufacturer: Antonov
- First flight: 12 July 1985
- Status: Retired
- Primary user: Soviet Frontal Aviation, Soviet Navy
- Number built: 123
- Developed from: Antonov An-72
- Crew: 6
- Length: 23.5 meters
- Wingspan: 31.89 meters
- Height: 9.20 meters
- Powerplant: 2 × Progress D-436K turbofan
- Powerplant: 1 x Rybinsk RD-38A turbojet, 31.9 kN
- Maximum speed: 650 kph
- Cruise speed: 530 kph
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Content by Tim Wing
Copyright © 2015 Tim Wing