Микоян я МиГ-31 “Karyovin” истребитель

A-16A (MiG-31) 5

ROBOTECH Technical Files

by Peter Walker and Pieter Thomassen

edited by Tim Wing


  • MiG-31 Karyovin reference file
  • MiG-31 Karyovin gallery

Designation: Mikoyan i Gurevich MiG-31 Karyovin (UEDF Reporting Name: Forester) Jet Fighter

I. Dimensions:

  • Total Length: 16.5 meters
  • Total Height: 6.6 meters
  • Total Wingspan: 10.2 meters
  • Total Dry Weight: 17 metric tons

II. Service History:

  • MiG-31: Served with the Soviet Air Force during the Global Civil War, the Anti-Unification League during the First Global Civil War, and with most air forces within the Eastern Block of Soviet Independent States in various variants until the Invid invasion.

III. Type:

  • One man air-superiority fighter.

IV. Propulsion:

  • Two conventional turbojet engines with thrust deflection plates on main engines.

V. Performance:

  • Maximum speed: 2,678 kph (Mach 2.2) @ 15,000 meter, 1,838 kph (Mach 1.5) @ sea level.
  • Maximum climb rate: >25,000 meter/minute.
  • Combat radius (typical): 1480 km.
  • Stall speed: 175 kph.
  • Maximum altitude: 19,000 meter.
  • Max load runway length: 512 meters.
  • Design-g limits: 9.5 g.

VI. Electronics:

Radar System:

  • X-band pulse-Doppler radar, providing long-range detection and tracking of targets at all altitudes.

Optical tracking:

  • Infra-red imaging sensor and low-light level camera system in retractable optic ball-turret in front of the cockpit canopy.

A-16A (MiG-31) 4Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

  • Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)
  • Active radar jammer
  • Chaff dispenser
  • Flares
  • Active missile jammers.

VII. Armament:


  • 1 x Gsh-35-4 35-mm Gatling cannon (mounted forward on the ventral fuselage).
  • or 1 x Gsh-30-4A1 30-mm Gatling cannon (mounted in the same location).


  • 4 x hardpoints for assorted ordnance, 2 under each wing.

VIII. Armor:

The skin of the Karyovin is composed of an titanium-steel alloy on vital spots. Other sections of the skin are composed of advanced carbon-plastics. The skin on the Karyobin provides excellent protection in the vital spots against small grenade and shell fragments, good protection against small arms fire, and poor resistance to heavier infantry weapons, such as the 12.7mm machinegun round, as well as from fragments and near misses from higher caliber weapons.

Karyovins built after the arrival of the SDF-1 were constructed of advanced Space Metal alloy. This armor stops all small arms fire, provides fair protection against heavier infantry weapons, such as a 12.7mm machinegun round, and poor resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Zentraedi 22.3mm HE autocannon round.

These planes provide full protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, using an overpressure cockpit environment activated by radiation and hazardous chemical sensors, or manually when biological warfare conditions are anticipated. The internal consumables supplies can provide atmosphere for approximately eight hours.

A-16A (MiG-31) 6

IX. Development:

During the GCW, the Mikoyan-i-Gurevich Design Bureau designed its own equivalent to both the Fairchild A-10 Thunderbolt and the McDonnell-Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. The new aircraft would have to be as effective at taking out ground targets as the A-10, but also as adept at air-to-air combat as the dual-role F/A-18. The design bureau fulfilled these hefty demands brilliantly with the MiG-31. The plane incorporated completely new aerodynamical designs, including a delta wing tipped with the vertical stabilizers, which were in effect very large winglets, and two small canard wings in front. The cockpit section was an ellipsoid, and the main hull extended above and below the wings. Expert detail design and applied aerodynamics, coupled to thrust reversers and revised approach procedures gave the plane the STOL capability of the far older SAAB Draken and Viggen fighters. The MiG-31 was well armored, and had built-in infra-red engine suppressors to counter aircraft-and shoulder-launched infra-red missiles. The armament was impressive, with a 35mm four-barreled Gatling cannon under the hull, in front of the inlet. This cannon was a knock-off of the GAU-8/A as installed in the nose of the A-10, and fired similar powerful ammunition. The one drawback was that exhaust fumes from the cannon’s firing could interfere with the engines, but this was offset by a number of auxiliary inlets and
close-off doors in the normal airflow canals. Four hardpoints were also available to mount almost any external store available in the world. The resulting craft was even faster at low
altitudes than the F-203, but was still not as good a dog-fighter due to the lower thrust of A-16A (MiG-31) 2its engines and its higher weight, causing a lower acceleration and more energy loss during sustained turns. However, as a dual-role attack/fighter aircraft the plane was without equal, surpassing both the A-10 as a ground attack plane and the F/A-18 as a dual-role plane. The USSR was very pleased with the design, since it was an overnight success, and sold a large number to the East-bloc and Chinese forces where it acquired the name of Karyovin.

After Earth’s unification, the UN Spacy adopted a variant of this plane, renamed the A-16A Executioner, as its main ground-attack aircraft.



Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the properties of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized in this publication. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized in this publication. 

Acknowledgement is extended to Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide. Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern are given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide that has been utilized in this publication. 

Content by Pieter Thomassen and Peter Walker, edited by Tim Wing

Copyright © 2000, 1997, 1995 Robert Morgenstern, Pieter Thomassen, Peter Walker; 2015 Tim Wing