Cadillac Gage LACV-60 Light Cavalry Vehicle

M116 APC 1

Cadillac Gage LACV-60 Light Cavalry Vehicle

by Robert Morgenstern, Neil Baumgardner and Tim Wing, with Peter Walker and Pieter Thomassen

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The V-series of Light Armored Vehicles are possibly the product that saved Cadillac Gage. In addition to the M1100 Light Cavalry Vehicle (LACV-60 in UN Spacy and UEDF service) and M1200 Armored Security Vehicle variants used by the US Army and UN Spacy, Cadillac Gage sold thousands of the V-2000 Light Armored Vehicles to militaries from Bolivia to Malaysia. This six wheeled personnel carrier was reliable and capable, making it a favorite with its crews and with the infantry who rode in it.

  • Type: Light Armored Personnel Carrier
  • In service: 1992
  • Retired: 2019
  • Used by: See operators
  • Manufacturer: Cadillac Gage
  • Unit cost: $825,000 (in adjusted 2070 International Credits)
  • Number built: 6800 (approximately)
  • Weight: 8 metric tons
  • Main armament: See below
  • Engine: Cummins C Series 8.3 liter 300 HP diesel
  • Speed: 140 kph

History

The V-2000 Light Armored Vehicle was initially developed by Cadillac Gage in the early 1990s to serve as a quick, maneuverable light armored vehicle. Intended for the export market, it was designated to replace the successful Commando series of light armored vehicles.

With the start of Global Civil War, the U.S. Army saw a desperate need for a better reconnaissance vehicle for its light forces as the ‘Humvee’ had proven horribly inadequate in this role, and the M3 Scout Bradley was honestly to large. At that time, the joint US/UK Future Scout Cavalry System was only in the very early stages of development. As such, the V-2000 was modified with an electronic surveillance suite and hurried into production as the M1100 Light Cavalry Vehicle. The LCV (universally pronounce el-cav by US service members) served admirably in this role, providing a highly mobile reconnaissance vehicle that could be rapidly deployed into war zones via transport aircraft or even airdropped. Capable of carrying a variety of vehicle mounted crew serve weapons, the vehicle also provided fire support for the light armored cavalry regiment and light infantry divisions it equipped. An ‘Avenger’ air defense variant carrying Stinger surface-to-air missiles was proposed but never entered production.

Both the M1100 LCV (LACV-60) and M1200 armored security vehicle (ASV-60) were adopted by the UN spacy. However, during the initial Zentraedi assault on Macross Island, the limitations of these vehicles were demonstrated as the Regult pods had little difficulty in rapidly destroying the units dispersed throughout the city to assist the populous in seeking the shelters.

The ASV and LCV saw a rebirth in their use after the Zentraedi Holocaust since they provided a low cost, highly mobile means to patrol wide expanses of open terrain until their retirement in 2018 with the dissolution of the UN Spacy and the creation of the M1200 HAV.

Service History

The V-2000 saw great export success, serving in the militaries of many western nations, as well as the armies of nations throughout the developing world. Inexpensive and easy to maintain, they were a great fit for forces with limited money and resources. The V-2000 was also a common vehicle with many of the Private Military Corporations (PMCs) that came to be during the Global Civil War. Over 4000 V-2000s were built. The M1100 LCV served in the United States Army from 1996 through to the services dissolution in 2017, and with the UN Spacy from its inception till 2017 as well. All M1100s (as well as V-2000s and M1200s) in member nation militaries were transferred to the new United Earth Defense Force at this time, but were completely withdrawn from service by 2019. Many of these vehicles found their way into the hands of local police and security forces, and continue to be used in that capacity to this day.

M116 APC 2Design

The V-2000 family was a conventional six wheeled, welded alloy APC. The original V-2000 used a standard aluminum armor, but the later M1100 and M1200 used an advanced titanium-steel alloy. The V-2000 family introduced some interesting features in its drive system. It made use of six large, airless, low profile tires. These tires were very wide and gave the vehicle a very low ground pressure. The interior of these wheels were filled with a lattice work of rubber ribs that would flex and absorb shock in much the same way as a pneumatic tire. The V-2000 family also made use of a height adjustable, kneeling suspension. This allowed the vehicle to raise and lower its ride height, adjusting for terrain. Typically, it would travel at its lowest ride height (20 cm of ground clearance) when on improved surfaces, and raise up to its high setting (50 cm of ground clearance) when traveling cross country.

Armor

The armor of the M1100 and M1200 was composed of an advanced titanium-steel alloy. The armor stops all small arms fire, provides good protection against heavier infantry weapons, such as a 12.7mm machinegun round, and fair resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as the Zentraedi 22.3mm HE autocannon round.

The M1100 and M1200 provided full protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, using an overpressure crew compartment environment activated by radiation and hazardous chemical sensors, or manually when biological warfare conditions are anticipated. The internal consumables supplies could provide air filtration for one week maximum.

Armament

(V-2000, M1100, M1200, V-2100, V-2200 and V-3000)

MG 8 .50 Cal 1The commander’s hatch of the V-series could mount any of a variety crew serve weapons. Most common in UN Spacy service was the FN MAG 7.62x51mm NATO general-purpose machine gun, M2 HB Browning .50 Caliber (12.7x99mm NATO) Machine Gun, (unnamed .50 CAL) or Mk 19 40mm automatic grenade launcher.

(M1200A1 and V-2300)

This variant of the V-series mounted the turret from Cadillac Gage’s M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicle in place of the passenger compartment. This turret contained an internal M2 HB Browning .50 Caliber (12.7x99mm NATO) Machine Gun and Mk 19 40mm automatic grenade launcher.

(V-3500)

OerlikonContravesGK20mmThis final Light Infantry Fighting Vehicle variant of the successful V-series of light armored vehicles had a turret with a 20mm Oerlikon Contraves 204 GK cannon, as well as a coaxial 7.62x51mm FN MAG machine gun. The commander’s hatch typically mounted a second FN MAG on a pintle.

Electronics suite

Only the LCV variants had any electronics to speak of, outside of the usual communication gear and night vision devises. On a circular base plate between the commander’s and driver’s hatch was a Thomson DOS-2500 multi-band motion-stabilized digital camera system, for medium range 360 degree, elevation traversable UV, infra-red imaging and optical band detection and tracking. Built into the same housing was a Thomson LT-4 multi-frequency laser ranger and designator. The housing was about the size and shape of a 5 gallon bucket, and could be raised on a telescoping mast to a max height of three meters (plus the 1.8 meter height of the vehicle).

Mobility

The M1100 and M1200 were powered Cummins C Series 8.3 liter diesel 6 cylinder multifuel, turbocharged, liquid cooled engine that provided 300 horse power and 860 pound feet of torque. This engine could run on a variety of fuels, to include diesel, JP-8 or kerosene. Power was sent to all six wheels through a model MD3560 Allison transmission with five forward gears, and reverse.

This vehicle also had a Turbomeca auxiliary power unit supplementing the vehicle’s battery for power when the engine is off. Fuel capacity was 600 liters of diesel or JP-8.

Variants and upgrades

V-2000 Light Armored Personnel Carrier – Baseline of the V-2000 series. Built in large numbers, from 1992 on. This vehicle was significantly less expensive than the M1100/1200s, lacking several features, such as NBC protection. This vehicle could also be purchased with conventional tires and non-kneeling suspension.

M1100 Light Cavalry Vehicle (LACV-60) – US Army’s medium scout vehicle. First to make use of titanium-steel alloy body. Used by the US Army, UN Spacy and others until 2017.

M1200 Armored Security Vehicle (ASV-60) – Security variant of the M1100. Essentially the exact same vehicle, minus the sensor suite. This vehicle was never adopted into service by the US Army, however it did see use by the UN Spacy and other national armies.

M1200A1 Armored Security Vehicle – M1200 with a combination .50 Caliber machine gun, 40mm Mk. 19 grenade launcher turret from the M1117 Armored Security Vehicle. This turret was located at the back half of the vehicle, effectively replacing the passenger area.

V-2100 Armored Security Vehicle – Export M1200 with aluminum hull.

V-2200 Light Cavalry Vehicle – Export M1100 with aluminum hull.

V-2300 Armored Security Vehicle – Export M1200A1 with aluminum hull and .50 Cal/Mk. 19 turret.

V-3000 Light Armored Personnel Carrier – Variant of the V-2000 using the titanium-steel alloy body of the M1100.

V-3500 Light Infantry Support Vehicle – This was essentially an M1200A1, but instead of the .50 Cal/Mk. 19 turret, it had in its place a turret mounting a 20mm Oerlikon Contraves 204 GK cannon with a 7.62mm coax. The primary user of this variant was Saudi Arabia, though they were also purchased by Guatemala and Bolivia.

M1190 Air Defense Artillery Vehicle – Experimental variant with a combination four Stinger missile launcher and .50 Caliber machine gun turret. Never went into production.

Operators

V-series

  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • Dominican Republic
  • Egypt
  • Gabon
  • Guatemala
  • Peru
  • Haiti
  • Indonesia
  • Jamaica
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Oman
  • Philippines
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • Thailand
  • Turkey (police)

M1100 LCV / LACV-60

  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Republic of China
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • UN Spacy
  • United Earth Defense Forces
  • United States

M1200 ASV / ASV-60

  • Portugal
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Republic of China
  • UN Spacy
  • United Earth Defense Forces

Specifications

Dimensions

  • Length: 6.7 meters
  • Width: 2.8 meters
  • Height: 1.8 meters
  • Weight: 8 metric tons.

Performance

  • Maximum road speed: 140 kph
  • Maximum cross-country speed: 70 kph
  • Maximum water speed: 10 kph
  • Maximum range, diesel: 750 km

Propulsion

  • Engine: 1 x Cummins C Series 8.3 liter diesel 6 cylinder multifuel, turbocharged, liquid cooled engine providing 300 hp at 3200 rpm.
  • Transmission: 1 x model MD3560 Allison transmission with five forward gears, and reverse.
  • Power-source: 1 x Turbomeca auxiliary power unit supporting the engines alternator for power when the engine is off.
  • Fuel Capacity: 600 liter diesel or JP-8

 


 

Robotech (R) is the property of Harmony Gold. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (R) is the property of Big West Advertising and Studio Nue. This document is in no way intended to infringe upon their rights.

Original artwork by: Shoji Kawamori, Miyatake Kazutaka, Haruhiko Mikimoto and Hidetaka Tenjin. (Macross)

Acknowledgement is extended to the work of Egan Loo and the Macross Compendium. Egan Loo is given all credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the Macross Compendium that has been utilized on Robotech Illustrated. 

Images Courtesy of Chad Wilson (Marchly) and the Macross Mecha Manual. Chad Wilson is given all credit for all images from the Macross Mecha Manual that have been utilized on Robotech Illustrated. 

Acknowledgement is also extended to Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide. Peter Walker, Pieter Thomassen and Robert Morgenstern are given credit for all quotes and paraphrasing of the unofficial Robotech Reference Guide that has been utilized on Robotech Illustrated. 

Content by Tim Wing,  Robert Morgenstern and Neil Baumgardner

Copyright © 1999, 1997 Robert Morgenstern, Pieter Thomassen, Peter Walker; 2015 Tim Wing

 

 

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